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Here, multiple functions of jasmonic acid (JA) in maize (Zea mays) are revealed by comprehensive analyses of JA-deficient mutants of the two oxo-phytodienoate reductase genes, OPR7 and OPR8. Single mutants produce wild-type levels of JA in most tissues, but the double mutant opr7 opr8 has dramatically reduced JA in all organs tested. opr7 opr8 displayed(More)
The possible involvement of salicylic acid (SA) in a typical growth response of plants to shade light was investigated using the model system Stellaria longipes L. Goldie. The prairie (shade) ecotype of S. longipes is from foothills grassland habitat where it grows under shrubs or among taller grasses. The plants of this ecotype responded, as expected, with(More)
The phytohormones, abscisic acid and cytokinin, once were thought to be present uniquely in plants, but increasing evidence suggests that these hormones are present in a wide variety of organisms. Few studies have examined fungi for the presence of these "plant" hormones or addressed whether their levels differ based on the nutrition mode of the fungus.(More)
Plant hormones, including abscisic acid (ABA) and cytokinins (CKs), fluctuate as a result of excess metal exposure. Changes in hormonal concentration regulate plant growth and may also signal activation of metal chelators. The grass Deschampsia cespitosa was dosed with either Ni or Cd or pulsed with exogenous ABA. The roots were analyzed for ABA and CKs and(More)
Phytochelatins are short, cysteine-containing, detoxification peptides produced by plants, algae, and fungi in response to heavy metal exposure. These peptides auto-oxidize easily. Current extraction protocols do not adequately address losses of phytochelatins because of their oxidation and the use of indirect methods for quantification. Method enhancements(More)
R50 (sym16) is a pea nodulation mutant that accumulates cytokinin (CK) in its vegetative organs. Total CK content increases as the plant ages because of the low activity of the enzyme cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase (CKX) responsible for CK degradation. R50 exhibits a large seed with high relative water content, and its seedling establishes itself slowly.(More)
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