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Association mapping is a widely applied method for elucidating the genetic basis of phenotypic traits. However, factors such as linkage disequilibrium and levels of genetic diversity influence the power and resolution of this approach. Moreover, the presence of population subdivision among samples can result in spurious associations if not accounted for. As(More)
The Anopheles gambiae species complex includes the major malaria transmitting mosquitoes in Africa. Because these species are of such medical importance, several traits are typically characterized using molecular assays to aid in epidemiological studies. These traits include species identification, insecticide resistance, parasite infection status, and host(More)
Malaria transmission is dependent on the propensity of Anopheles mosquitoes to bite humans (anthropophily) instead of other dead end hosts. Recent increases in the usage of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) in Africa have been associated with reductions in highly anthropophilic and endophilic vectors such as Anopheles gambiae s.s., leaving(More)
Presence of Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (CSP) was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in a sample of Anopheles gambiae s.s., A. melas and A. pharoensis collected in Guinea-Bissau during October and November 2009. The percentage of P. falciparum infected samples (10.2% overall; confidence interval (CI): 7.45-13.6%) was(More)
28 Malaria transmission is dependent on the propensity of Anopheles mosquitoes to bite 29 humans (anthropophily) instead of other dead end hosts. Recent increases in the usage 30 of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) in Africa have been associated with 31 reductions in highly anthropophilic vectors such as Anopheles gambiae s.s., leaving 32 more(More)
28 Malaria transmission is dependent on the propensity of Anopheles mosquitoes to bite 29 humans (anthropophily) instead of other dead end hosts. Recent increases in the usage 30 of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) in Africa have been associated with 31 reductions in highly anthropophilic vectors such as Anopheles gambiae s.s., leaving 32 less(More)
Malaria transmission is dependent on the propensity of Anopheles mosquitoes to bite humans (anthropophily) instead of other dead end hosts. Recent increases in the usage of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) in Africa have been associated with reductions in highly anthropophilic vectors such as Anopheles gambiae s.s., leaving more zoophilic(More)
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