Allison M Martinez

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Brain microvascular endothelial cells play an important role in regulation of ion and fluid movement between the blood and the brain interstitium. Astrocytes have been shown to induce blood-brain barrier properties in the endothelial cells, including formation of tight junctions and increased expression and asymmetric distribution of enzymes and ion(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the durability of the responses after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for severe systemic sclerosis (SSc) and determine whether the high transplant related mortality (TRM) improved with experience. This EBMT/EULAR report describes the longer outcome of patients originally described in addition to newly recruited cases.(More)
The Na-K-Cl cotransport system of vascular endothelial cells plays a central role in maintenance and regulation of intracellular volume. Activity of the cotransporter is modulated both by hormones and by extracellular tonicity. Vasopressin and other hormones that stimulate the endothelial cotransporter act via a Ca- and calmodulin-dependent pathway. Little(More)
PC12 cells possess a bumetanide-sensitive Na/K/2Cl cotransport system similar to that found in other cell types. Between 10-15% of the total 86Rb influx in these cells is mediated by this pathway under normal conditions. The cotransporter has affinities of 16.5 mM for Nao and 0.7 mM for Ko, is absolutely dependent on Clo and is loop diuretic inhibitable(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic sclerosis (SSc, scleroderma) in either its diffuse or limited skin forms has a high mortality when vital organs are affected. No treatment has been shown to influence the outcome or significantly affect the skin score, though many forms of immunosuppression have been tried. Recent developments in haemopoietic stem cell transplantation(More)
The existence of leukemic-associated phenotypes has been suggested to be a valuable tool for the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in AML patients, as they would allow to distinguish leukemic blast cells from normal hematopoietic progenitors. The present study was designed to analyze in which proportion of AML patients the immunological detection(More)
Oxycodone is an opioid analgesic that is administered orally or parenterally. The time-course of opioid action is a function of the systemic kinetics of the opioid, and the rate and extent of its entry into the brain and central nervous system. The latter is incompletely understood for oxycodone. Therefore, the cerebral kinetics of oxycodone was quantified(More)
Objective: To determine the effects of exogenous ramped infusions of epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine on arterial and effluent brain blood concentrations of propofol under steady state intravenous anesthesia. Design: Prospective, randomized animal study. Setting: University research laboratory. Subjects: Five adult female merino sheep.(More)
The cerebral pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of midazolam and diazepam were examined in chronically instrumented sheep via measurements of their arterio-venous concentration difference across the brain during and after 2-min iv infusions. Diazepam (30 mg) or midazolam (10 mg) were administered on 5 separate occasions to 4 sheep. For both drugs, rapid(More)
Anticentromere antibodies (ACA) are associated with systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) patients exhibiting the more benign or so called limited manifestation of the disease (lSSc). ACA reactivity is directed against multiple polypeptide targets, the smallest of which is designated CENP-A. CENP-A is not an abundant cellular constituent; therefore to maximize(More)