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The classical paradigm for dendritic cell function derives from the study of Langerhans cells, which predominate within skin epidermis. After an encounter with foreign agents, Langerhans cells are thought to migrate to draining lymph nodes, where they initiate T cell priming. Contrary to this, we show here that infection of murine epidermis by herpes(More)
HSV infects skin or mucosal epithelium as well as entering the sensory nerves and ganglia. We have used TCR-transgenic T cells specific for the immunodominant class I-restricted determinant from HSV glycoprotein B (gB) combined with a flank zosteriform model of infection to examine the ability of CD8+ T cells to deal with infection. During the course of(More)
It has been reported that MHC class I-restricted Ag presentation persists for only a short period following infection with certain pathogens, declining in parallel with the emergence of specific CTL activity. We have examined this issue in the case of murine infection with HSV-1. We found that the period of Ag presentation capable of priming naive CD8(+) T(More)
CD8+ T-cell persistence can be seen in ganglia harboring latent herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. While there is some evidence that these cells suppress virus reactivation, this view remains controversial. Given that maintenance of latency by CD8+ T cells would necessitate ongoing exposure to antigen within this site, we sought evidence for such chronic(More)
The discovery of the Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and their importance in the regulation of host responses to infection raised attention to the complex interplay between viral gene products and the host innate immune responses in determining the outcome of virus infection. Robust inflammatory cytokine responses are observed in herpes simplex virus(More)
Ocular infections with herpes simplex virus 1 can lead to corneal scarring and blindness, with herpes keratitis being the major infectious cause of blindness. There is currently no clinically approved vaccine and nearly all developmental vaccines are targeted against HSV-2 and genital herpes. We tested the ability of an HSV-2 replication-defective virus, a(More)
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