Nonverbal behaviors play an important role in communication for both humans and social robots. However, hiring trained roboticists and animators to individually animate every possible piece of dialogue is time consuming and does not scale well. This has motivated previous researchers to develop automated systems for inserting appropriate nonverbal behaviors… (More)
Content authoring of verbal and nonverbal behavior is a limiting factor when developing agents for repeated social interactions with the same user. We present PIP, an agent that crowdsources its own multimodal language behavior using a method we call semi-situated learning. PIP renders segments of its goal graph into brief stories that describe future… (More)
An analysis of the impact of " success for all " on reading, attendance, and academic self-efficacy with at-risk elementary school students. effects of summer vacation on achievement test scores: A narrative and meta-analytic review.