Allison C Ross

Learn More
BACKGROUND Studies suggest that vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent in HIV patients but the effect of vitamin D supplementation on cardiovascular risk in this population is unknown. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial among 45 HIV-infected(More)
Previous studies have indicated the presence of both neutral and acid, bile salt-independent retinyl ester hydrolases associated with plasma membrane and endosome fractions of rat liver homogenates. In the present studies, chylomicrons containing tritium-labeled retinyl esters were injected intravenously into rats in order to study the initial metabolism of(More)
Because vitamin A in milk is largely present as esterified retinol while blood plasma predominantly contains unesterified retinol, experiments were conducted to determine whether membranes from the lactating mammary gland are able to synthesize retinyl esters in vitro. When microsomes from rats lactating for 7 to 14 days were incubated with [(3)H]retinol(More)
Vitamin A (VA, retinol) metabolism is homeostatically controlled, but little is known of its regulation in the postnatal period. Here, we determined the postnatal trajectory of VA storage and metabolism in major compartments of VA metabolism-plasma, liver, lung, and kidney from postnatal (P) day 1 to adulthood. We also investigated the response to(More)
The influence of extracellular fatty acids on the uptake and esterification of [3H]retinol bound to human retinol-binding protein (RBP), to RBP-transthyretin (TTR), or in dispersed form by the human hepatoma, HepG2, and human mammary epithelial carcinoma, MCF-7, cell lines was studied. The esterification of [3H]retinol was significantly increased in cells(More)
Microsomes from liver and several other tissues esterify retinol through both fatty acyl-CoA-dependent and -independent reactions. Two activities, acyl-CoA:retinol acyltransferase (ARAT) and lecithin:retinol acyltransferase (LRAT) activities, have been characterized enzymatically but neither has yet been purified and characterized biochemically. We have(More)
Little is known about the contribution of different tissues to whole-body vitamin A (VA) kinetics in neonates. Here, we have used model-based compartmental analysis of tissue tracer kinetic data from unsupplemented (control) and VA-retinoic acid (VARA)-supplemented neonatal rats to determine VA kinetics in specific tissues under control and supplemented(More)
Roles of all-trans-retinoic acid (tRA), a metabolite of vitamin A (VA), in both tolerogenic and immunogenic responses are documented. However, how tRA affects the development of systemic autoimmunity is poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that tRA have paradoxical effects on the development of autoimmune lupus in the MRL/lpr mouse model. We administered,(More)
Many questions remain regarding vitamin A (VA) supplementation of infants. Herein we compared direct oral VA supplementation of the neonate and indirect treatment through maternal dietary VA (M-VA) treatment on VA status and kinetics in neonatal rats. Treatments included direct VA combined with retinoic acid (RA) [D-VARA; VA (6 mg/kg) + 10% RA, given orally(More)
Vitamin A (VA) metabolism in neonates is virtually uncharacterized. Our objective was to develop a compartmental model of VA metabolism in unsupplemented and VA-supplemented neonatal rats. On postnatal day 4, pups (n = 3/time) received 11,12-[(3)H]retinol orally, in either oil (control) or VA combined with retinoic acid (VARA) [VA (∼6 mg/kg body weight) +(More)
  • 1