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We describe the epidemic of obesity in the United States: escalating rates of obesity in both adults and children, and why these qualify as an epidemic; disparities in overweight and obesity by race/ethnicity and sex, and the staggering health and economic consequences of obesity. Physical activity contributes to the epidemic as explained by new patterns of(More)
Women of diverse backgrounds from 4 community health clinics in southern Connecticut were involved in a longitudinal, prospective study (n = 189). Data from interviews 3 months apart were used for the current analyses. The purpose of this study was to develop predictive models of safer sexual behavior among heterosexual women. Specifically, there was an(More)
Human peripheral leukocytes infected by virus or treated with endotoxin will, like unstimulated mouse spleen macrophages, synthesize immunoreactive corticotrophin (ir-ACTH) and endorphins. The ir-ACTH produced appears to be identical with authentic ACTH, while enough of the material has been produced in hypophysectomized mice infected with virus to(More)
Assessments of community planning in Massachusetts and Texas were used to develop tools for increasing the use of data by HIV prevention community planning groups (CPGs) and prevention providers while also increasing participation of CPG members. Barriers to data use included organizational problems in CPGs (e.g., lack of clear procedures, distrust of peers(More)
HIV prevention community planning groups were formed to increase stakeholder participation and develop evidence-based comprehensive HIV prevention plans. To date, it is not well understood what factors affect group behavior as the planning group prepares for data-informed decision making. In this observational case study, the authors videotaped 18 meetings(More)
HIV prevention community planning was developed to promote identification of local prevention priorities through a process that was evidence-based and provided community input. There are a variety of barriers to effective use of data in community planning which include characteristics of data (availability, timeliness, relevance to planning tasks),(More)
This study investigated heterosexual HIV risk behaviors, changes in stage of change for safer sex and factors associated with such changes, among a diverse sample of 560 heterosexually active individuals presenting at publicly funded HIV C&T sites. Questionnaires were administrated before HIV C&T, and three months afterwards. Positive serostatus was the(More)
This study examined how women in a clinic-based sample in New Haven, Connecticut, (N = 168), have been affected by the AIDS epidemic. The aims of this study were to (a) document the proportion of women who knew individuals who were HIV positive, who were symptomatic with AIDS, or who had died from AIDS; (b) compare the demographics of women who knew someone(More)
Child maltreatment results in significant individual, family, and societal costs. This study assessed the efficacy of All Babies Cry (ABC), a media-based infant maltreatment prevention program, using a mixed-method, quasi-experimental staged evaluation design. ABC's messaging, designed and tested through a series of focus groups, provides strategies for(More)
  • M Dietrich, B M Peterson, P Albrecht, M Altmann, A J Barth, P J Bennie +36 others
  • 2008
Results of a ground-based optical monitoring campaign on 3C 390.3 in 1994–95 are presented. The broad-band fluxes (B, V , R, and I), the spectrophotometric optical continuum flux F λ (5177Å), and the integrated emission-line fluxes of Hα, Hβ, Hγ, He i λ5876, and He ii λ4686 all show a nearly monotonic increase with episodes of milder short-term variations(More)