Allison C. Bain

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In vivo, tissue-level, mechanical thresholds for axonal injury were determined by comparing morphological injury and electrophysiological impairment to estimated tissue strain in an in vivo model of axonal injury. Axonal injury was produced by dynamically stretching the right optic nerve of an adult male guinea pig to one of seven levels of ocular(More)
A finite element model of cerebral contusion in the rat was developed and compared to experimental injury maps demonstrating blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown. The model was exercised at the nine unique loading conditions used experimentally. Logistic regressions of four variables, maximum principal logarithmic strain (LEP), maximum principal stress (SP),(More)
The purpose of this paper is to present results from methodologies used in our laboratory that are targeted toward identifying specific brain injury thresholds. Results from studying one form of brain injury, diffuse axonal injury, are presented in this report. Physical models, or surrogates, of the skull-brain complex are used to estimate the relationship(More)
We used a new approach, termed dynamic cortical deformation (DCD), to study the neuronal, vascular, and glial responses that occur in focal cerebral contusions. DCD produces experimental contusion by rapidly deforming the cerebral cortex with a transient, nonablative vacuum pulse of short duration (25 milliseconds) to mimic the circumstances of traumatic(More)
In this investigation, the relationships between stretch and both morphological and electrophysiological signs of axonal injury were examined in the guinea pig optic nerve stretch model. Additionally, the relationship between axonal morphology and electrophysiological impairment was assessed. Axonal injury was produced in vivo by elongating the guinea pig(More)
Damage to axons and glial cells in the central nervous system (CNS) white matter is a nearly universal feature of traumatic brain injury, yet it is not clear how the tissue mechanical deformations are transferred to the cellular components of the CNS. Defining how cellular deformations relate to the applied tissue deformation field can both highlight(More)
Allison C. Bain and David F. Meaney Department of Bioengineering University of Pennsylvania An in vivo, tissue-level, mechanical threshold for functional injury to CNS white matter was determined by comparing electrophysiological impairment to estimated tissue strain in an in vivo model of axonal injury. Axonal injury was produced by transiently stretching(More)
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