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Progressive encephalopathy, developmental delay, microcephaly, electroencephalogram (EEG) and computed tomographic (CT) scan abnormalities have been reported in 80% of children with chronic renal failure (CRF) in infancy. Malnutrition, aluminium intoxication and psychosocial deprivation are proposed as causes. In 15 children with CRF from infancy we(More)
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most intractable of all human cancers. We have previously developed a patient-like model of human pancreatic cancer by surgical orthotopic implantation (SOI). After SOI of the human tumor xenograft PAN-12-JCK into the tail of the nude mouse pancreas, mitomycin C (MMC) and cisplatin (DDP) were administered intraperitoneally at(More)
We describe two patients (a Filipino boy aged 2.7 years and a Kuwaiti girl aged 4.8 Years) with clinical and MRI findings consistent with the diagnosis of pontine tegmental cap dysplasia (PTCD) and compare them with 23 other cases reported in the literature. Both presented with feeding problems (VII nerve), sensori-neural deafness (VIII nerve) and hypotonia(More)
Forty-two Arab children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) were studied for intragenic deletions in 25 exons of the dystrophin gene using three different multiplex PCR sets each amplifying a total of 9, 9 and 6 different exons, respectively. Exon 22 was amplified individually. Deletions were found in 78, 76 and 12% of DMD patients with each of the three(More)
From a consecutive series of 112 patients with acute pancreatitis, 70 patients with suspected gallstones were randomized to urgent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) (less than 72 hours) and endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) if choledochal stones were present (n = 35), or to conventional treatment (n = 35). Endoscopic retrograde(More)
The lower oesophageal high pressure zone (HPZ) was studied in 5 non-refluxing and 3 refluxing Rhesus monkeys. The changes in HPZ and reflux status in response to infusion of various doses of secretin, cholecystokinin and glucagon were measured in all animals, and, in the 5 non-refluxing monkeys, after oesophagogastrectomy with replacement of the lower(More)
Overt stroke is rare among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients in Kuwait. However, there are no previous studies of silent cerebral infarcts, which have been described in up to 20% of American children with Hb SS. We have carried out a prospective brain MRI study among otherwise normal SCD patients, who were consecutive patients seen in a 1-year period to(More)
The congenital muscular dystrophies are autosomal recessive disorders with different clinical phenotypes, the spectrum of which varies between different ethnic communities. We report our findings in 21 Arab children with congenital muscular dystrophy. All 21 cases were of the pure type, with normal mental status, except 1 case with perinatal(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by degeneration of lower motor neurons. We have assayed deletions in two candidate genes, the survival motor neuron (SMN) and neuronal apoptosis inhibitory protein (NAIP) genes, in 108 samples, of which 46 were from SMA patients, and 62 were from unaffected subjects. The SMA(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by degeneration of lower motor neurons. We have investigated the presence of survival motor neuron gene and neuronal apoptosis inhibitory protein gene deletions in 17 Arab and 1 Indian families with spinal muscular atrophy (15 type I and 3 type II). Homologous deletions were detected(More)