Allen W. Cowley

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Models of human disease have long been used to understand the basic pathophysiology of disease and to facilitate the discovery of new therapeutics. However, as long as models have been used there have been debates about the utility of these models and their ability to mimic clinical disease at the phenotypic level. The application of genetic studies to both(More)
This study was designed to quantify nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity in microdissected glomeruli (Glm), pars convoluta, pars recta, cortical collecting duct, cortical thick ascending limb, outer medullary collecting duct, medullary thick ascending limb and thin limb, inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) and thin limb, and vasa recta (VR). Total(More)
Hypertrophy of mammalian cardiac muscle is mediated, in part, by angiotensin II through an angiotensin II type1a receptor (AT1aR)-dependent mechanism. To understand how the level of AT1aRs is altered in this pathological state, we studied the expression of an injected AT1aR promoter-luciferase reporter gene in adult rat hearts subjected to an acute pressure(More)
ANG II contributes importantly to the regulation of renal vascular resistance, glomerular filtration, and tubular epithelial transport, yet there remains a paucity of information regarding the localization of the ANG II type 1 and 2 (AT1 and AT2) receptors within the rat kidney particularly within the vasculature. The present study was designed to localize(More)
Two concepts for the long-term regulation of arterial pressure were considered in this review, the neural control hypothesis and the volume regulation hypothesis. The role of the nervous system and fluid volume regulation are intertwined in a way that has made it difficult to experimentally evaluate their separate contributions in the long-term regulation(More)
Our long-term objective is to identify genes whose expression results in hypertension and in phenotypic changes that may contribute to hypertension. The purpose of the present study was to describe evidence for the heritability of hypertension-related phenotypes in hypertensive, hyperlipidemic black sib pairs. Outpatient anthropomorphic measurements were(More)
We have recently reported that exaggerated oxidative stress in the renal medulla due to superoxide dismutase inhibition resulted in a reduction of renal medullary blood flow and sustained hypertension. The present study tested the hypothesis that selective scavenging of O2*- in the renal medulla would prevent hypertension associated with this exaggerated(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantitatively estimate the relative contribution of arteriolar rarefaction (disappearance of microvessels) and arteriolar constriction to the increases in total peripheral resistance and changes in the patterns of flow distribution observed in hypertension. A mathematical model of the hamster cheek pouch intraluminal(More)
With the draft sequence of the human genome available, there is a need to better define gene function in the context of systems biology. We studied 239 cardiovascular and renal phenotypes in 113 male rats derived from an F2 intercross and mapped 81 of these traits onto the genome. Aggregates of traits were identified on chromosomes 1, 2, 7, and 18. Systems(More)