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OBJECTIVE The purpose of our study was to test the hypothesis that synovitis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US) observed in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who meet remission criteria reflects active inflammation on histopathology. METHODS We analyzed 15 synovial specimens obtained during surgical procedures from 14 patients(More)
Bone remodeling is a tightly regulated process of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption, balanced by osteoblast-mediated bone formation. Disruption of this balance can lead to increased bone turnover, resulting in excessive bone loss or extra bone formation and consequent skeletal disease. The receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) (along(More)
INTRODUCTION As a group, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients exhibit increased risk of infection, and those treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy are at further risk. This increased susceptibility may result from a compromised humoral immune response. Therefore, we asked if short-term effector (d5-d10) and memory (1 month or later) B cell(More)
The OMERACT magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in inflammatory arthritis group previously developed the rheumatoid arthritis MRI score (RAMRIS) for use in clinical studies, evaluated the use of extremity MRI, and initiated development of a psoriatic arthritis MRI score (PsAMRIS). At OMERACT 9 the group looked at clarifications of applying the RAMRIS, and(More)
OBJECTIVE The frequency of osteoclast precursors (OCPF) and the presence of bone marrow oedema (BMO) are potential response biomarkers in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Previous studies suggest a central role for tumour necrosis factor (TNF) in the formation of osteoclast precursors. To better understand this association, the effect of etanercept on OCPF and(More)
Erosive osteoarthritis (EOA) represents a subset of symptomatic osteoarthritis of hand, characterized by intermittent and often frequent inflammatory episodes and progressive joint damage. A greater degree of inflammation and the presence of subchondral bone erosions on plain radiographs help distinguish EOA from generalized osteoarthritis of hand. High(More)
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory musculoskeletal disorder associated with a heterogeneous disease presentation, varied disease expression and an unpredictable but often chronically destructive clinical course. Joint damage can occur early in the disease; indeed, several imaging modalities have demonstrated subclinical joint involvement in(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Psoriatic arthritis is an inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis that is more common and severe than initially appreciated. The success of biologic agents in psoriatic arthritis has sparked great interest in this disorder, although the disease pathogenesis is poorly understood. This review focuses on recent advances in the(More)
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA), a chronic inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis, is often associated with significant inflammation and joint damage leading to a decrease in quality of life measures. Plain radiographs have traditionally been used to detect and estimate the extent of joint damage. Newer imaging modalities such as ultrasound and MRI(More)
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA), an inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis, can lead to disability from progressive joint destruction and bony fusion. To date, conventional disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDS) have not convincingly lessened joint pain and inflammation in PsA and there is very little data on the limitation of radiographic(More)