Allen M. Larar

Learn More
Ultraspectral resolution infrared (IR) radiances obtained from nadir observations provide information about the atmosphere, surface, aerosols, and clouds. Surface spectral emissivity (SSE) and surface skin temperature from current and future operational satellites can and will reveal critical information about the Earth’s ecosystem and land-surface-type(More)
The National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) Airborne Sounder Testbed (NAST) consists of two passive collocated cross-track scanning instruments, an infrared interferometer (NAST-I) and a microwave radiometer (NAST-M), that fly onboard high-altitude aircraft such as the NASA ER-2 at an altitude near 20 km. NAST-I provides(More)
Modern infrared satellite sensors such as the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), the Cross-Track Infrared Sounder (CrIS), the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES), the Geosynchronous Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer (GIFTS), and the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) are capable of providing high spatial and spectral resolution(More)
Advanced satellite sensors are tasked with improving global-scale measurements of the Earth’s atmosphere, clouds, and surface to enable enhancements in weather prediction, climate monitoring, and environmental change detection. Measurement system validation is crucial to achieving this goal and maximizing research and operational utility of resultant data.(More)
The global distribution of tropospheric ozone (O(3)) can be observed from a satellite-based instrument by spectrally isolating the pressure-broadened wings of strong O(3) lines. The Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) provides high spectral resolution and high-throughput capabilities that are essential for performing such a measurement. Through proper(More)
The feasibility of observing global tropospheric and total ozone (O(3)) fields with a double-etalon Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) has been assessed. The FPI provides high spectral resolution and high-throughput capabilities that enable observation in pressure-broadened wings of strong O(3) lines while minimizing the impact of undesirable signal(More)
[1] High-resolution infrared radiance spectra obtained from near nadir observations provide atmospheric, surface, and cloud property information. A fast radiative transfer model, including cloud effects, is used for atmospheric profile and cloud parameter retrieval. The retrieval algorithm is presented along with its application to recent field experiment(More)
1 Science Systems Applications Intl., Hampton, VA 23666 USA 2 NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681 USA 3 Hampton University, Hampton, VA 23668 USA 4 NOAA Center for Satellite Applications, Camp Springs, MD 20746 USA 5 IM Systems Group, Inc., Rockville, MD, 20852 USA 6 PSGS, Fairfax, VA 20706 USA 7 MIT Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, MA 02173 USA 8(More)
High-resolution infrared spectra from aircraft and space-based observations contain information about tropospheric carbon monoxide (CO) as well as other trace species. A methodology for retrieving tropospheric CO from such remotely sensed spectral data has been developed for the National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System's Airborne(More)