Learn More
PURPOSE Expression profiling studies classified breast carcinomas into estrogen receptor (ER)+/luminal, normal breast-like, HER2 overexpressing, and basal-like groups, with the latter two associated with poor outcomes. Currently, there exist clinical assays that identify ER+/luminal and HER2-overexpressing tumors, and we sought to develop a clinical assay(More)
Recent evidence has shown the presence of Chlamydia pneumoniae antigens and nucleic acid in coronary artery atheromas from autopsy patients in South Africa. In this study, the immunocytochemical technique was used to demonstrate C pneumoniae antigens in atheromas of the aorta in autopsy patients from retrospective aortic atherosclerosis studies at the(More)
Increased expression of "muscle-specific" actin can be correlated with mesangial cell injury and proliferation in the rat. We performed similar immunohistochemical studies using two monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) to "muscle-specific" actins (HHF-35, a MoAb to pan muscle actin and alpha-SM-1, a MoAb to alpha-smooth muscle actin) on methyl Carnoy's fixed human(More)
Evaluation of the response of the arterial vessel wall to acute arterial injury in experimental models has taken on substantial importance because of an increasing interest in angioplasty treatment of human atherosclerotic lesions. In this study, the response of normal arterial vessels to acute balloon injury was studied in 45 iliac artery segments from 24(More)
Platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) are growth-regulatory molecules that stimulate chemotaxis, proliferation, and increased metabolism of primarily connective tissue cells. In a survey of normal tissues, we found specific immunostaining for PDGF B-chain in neurons, principal dendrites, some axons, and probable terminals throughout the brain, in the(More)
BACKGROUND Nonrheumatic stenosis of trileaflet aortic valves, often termed senile or calcific valvular aortic stenosis, is considered a "degenerative" process, but little is known about the cellular or molecular factors that mediate its development. METHODS AND RESULTS To characterize the developing aortic valvular lesion, we performed histological and(More)
CONTEXT Testing for HER-2 oncogene in breast cancer has increased because of its role as a prognostic and predictive factor. Some advocate gene testing by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) vs protein testing by immunohistochemistry as the method which most accurately evaluates and predicts response to the anti-HER-2 antibody, trastuzumab. However,(More)
Lesions of atherosclerosis occur in the innermost layer of the artery wall and consist primarily of proliferated smooth muscle cells surrounded by large amounts of connective tissue, numerous lipid-laden macrophages, and varying numbers of lymphocytes. Growth-regulatory molecules may be involved in intimal accumulation and proliferation of smooth muscle(More)
Simultaneous detection of two different antigens on paraffin-embedded and frozen tissues can be accomplished by double immunohistochemistry. However, many double chromogen systems suffer from signal overlap, precluding definite signal quantification. To separate and quantitatively analyze the different chromogens, we imported images into a Macintosh(More)
Previous studies have established the presence of high numbers of activated T lymphocytes and "aberrant" expression of major histocompatibility complex class II antigens by endothelial and smooth muscle cells in human atherosclerotic lesions, implicating the involvement of a local cellular immune response. The identity of the antigen(s) eliciting this(More)