Allen J Herbst

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Skeletal muscle-mass loss with age has severe health consequences, yet the molecular basis of the loss remains obscure. Although mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-deletion mutations have been shown to accumulate with age, for these aberrant genomes to be physiologically relevant, they must accumulate to high levels intracellularly and be present in a significant(More)
During prion infections of the central nervous system (CNS) the cellular prion protein, PrP(C), is templated to a conformationally distinct form, PrP(Sc). Recent studies have demonstrated that the Sprn gene encodes a GPI-linked glycoprotein Shadoo (Sho), which localizes to a similar membrane environment as PrP(C) and is reduced in the brains of rodents with(More)
Although mitochondrial mutation abundance has been recognized to increase in an age-dependent manner, the impact of mutation has been more difficult to establish. Using quantitative polymerase chain reaction, we measured the intracellular abundance of mutant and wild-type mitochondrial genomes along the length of individual laser-captured microdissected(More)
The hypothesis that mitochondrial DNA damage accumulates and contributes to aging was proposed decades ago. Only recently have technological advancements, which facilitate microanalysis of single cells or portions of cells, revealed that mtDNA deletion mutations and, perhaps, single nucleotide mutations accumulate to physiologically relevant levels in the(More)
Analysis of the PRNP gene in cervids naturally infected with chronic wasting disease (CWD) suggested that PRNP polymorphisms affect the susceptibility of deer to infection. To test this effect, we orally inoculated 12 white-tailed deer with CWD agent. Three different PRNP alleles, wild-type (wt; glutamine at amino acid 95 and glycine at 96), Q95H (glutamine(More)
Identification of genes expressed in response to prion infection may elucidate biomarkers for disease, identify factors involved in agent replication, mechanisms of neuropathology and therapeutic targets. Although several groups have sought to identify gene expression changes specific to prion disease, expression profiles rife with cell population changes(More)
Mass spectrometry (MS) -- based proteomic approaches have evolved as powerful tools for the discovery of biomarkers. However, the identification of potential protein biomarkers from biofluid samples is challenging because of the limited dynamic range of detection. Currently there is a lack of sensitive and reliable premortem diagnostic test for prion(More)
Prion diseases are driven by the strain-specific, template-dependent transconformation of the normal cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) into a disease specific isoform PrP(Sc). Cell culture models of prion infection generally use replicating cells resulting in lower levels of prion accumulation compared to animals. Using non-replicating cells allows the(More)
Sarcopenia, the age-induced loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, results from the contributions of both fiber atrophy and loss of myofibers. We have previously characterized sarcopenia in FBN rats, documenting age-dependent declines in muscle mass and fiber number along with increased fiber atrophy and fibrosis in vastus lateralis and rectus femoris(More)
With age, somatically derived mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletion mutations arise in many tissues and species. In skeletal muscle, deletion mutations clonally accumulate along the length of individual fibers. At high intrafiber abundances, these mutations disrupt individual cell respiration and are linked to the activation of apoptosis, intrafiber atrophy,(More)