Allen I. Kraut

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This study replicated Campion and Thayefs (1985) research, which drew from many disciplines (e.g., psychology, engineering, human factors, physiology) to demonstrate four approaches to job design and their corresponding outcomes: motivational approach with satisfaction outcomes, mech-anistic approach with efficiency outcomes, biological approach with(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare employment and income of working-age (18-64 years) people with and without diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a prospective population-based cohort study based in Manitoba, Canada, consisting of 25,554 individuals without diabetes and 608 with diabetes, of whom 242 had a complication of the disease. Adjusted odds(More)
BACKGROUND This study identifies the percentage of opioids prescribed for compensated workplace conditions in Manitoba, Canada and whether Workers Compensation Board (WCB) status is associated with higher prescription opioid doses. METHODS Opioid prescriptions for WCB recipients were linked with databases housed at the Manitoba Center for Health Policy.(More)
BACKGROUND Baseline 2-step tuberculin skin testing (TST) is recommended for health care workers (HCWs) to identify cases of the "boosting phenomenon" (i.e., a negative initial TST result followed by a positive result) and to track the risk of acquiring occupational tuberculosis. However, the 2-step TST has been shown to be insufficient to identify all cases(More)
OBJECTIVES Some medical patients are at greater risk of adverse outcomes than others and may benefit from higher observation hospital units. We constructed and validated a model predicting adverse hospital outcome for patients. Study results may be used to admit patients into planned tiered care units. Adverse outcome comprised death or cardiac arrest(More)
BACKGROUND This study's objectives were to evaluate whether WCB claimants with conditions requiring certain surgical procedures are more likely to be prescribed outpatient opioids than other Manitobans and whether those prescribed opioids are more likely to still be on opioid medications 6 months post procedure. METHODS We compared 7,246 WCB claims for a(More)
BACKGROUND Prior studies of patients leaving hospital against medical advice (AMA) have been limited by not being population-based or assessing only one type of patient. METHODS We used administrative data at the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy to evaluate all adult residents of Manitoba, Canada discharged alive from acute care hospitals between April(More)
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