Allen H. Hoffman

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1. The sensitivity of group II joint afferents innervating cat knee joint capsule to in-plane stretch was studied in vitro. Single afferents were recorded from teased filaments of the posterior articular nerve. The capsule was stretched by applying forces through tabs along the edges of the capsule (3 tabs/edge) with the use of an apparatus that allowed for(More)
1. Experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that the responses of joint capsule mechanoreceptors better encode tissue stress or tissue strain. The experimental model was a small ligament from the cat knee capsule, which was stretched uniaxially in vitro. Experiments were done with either force or displacement as the controlled variable, and with(More)
Mechanoreceptive afferents innervating the posterior capsule of the cat knee joint were recorded in a preparation of isolated capsule. The purpose of the experiments was to identify mechanical states in the capsule that were associated with afferent discharge. The capsule was excised from the knee with its bone attachments intact, so that the geometry of(More)
A method has been developed whereby the discharge of mechanically sensitive neurons from the cat knee joint capsule can be calibrated and used as load cells. The neurons are located in the upper edge of the capsule which has been previously modeled as a suspension cable and where the loading has been shown to be one dimensional. The calibration procedure(More)
1. Experiments were performed to determine whether the response of stretch-sensitive mechanoreceptors to tissue deformation is caused by the axial stretching of the tissue or by the associated transverse compression of the tissue caused by the Poisson effect. 2. Single, stretch-sensitive mechanoreceptors were recorded in vitro in a preparation of(More)
— This work in progress describes library research instruction and baseline assessment data in an undergraduate introductory-level mechanical engineering design course. We investigate whether librarian-led information literacy instruction enables students to develop confidence and more creative solutions to their engineering design challenges. Our study(More)
—Engineering students need research skills to effectively complete research and design projects; information literacy education during the first year of college positions future engineers to complete projects both during their college years and when they move into their careers. This study provides evidence that faculty-librarian collaboration is an(More)
Persons with hemiplegia often require a one arm drive wheelchair. Current designs exhibit substantially degraded performance when compared to a standard manual wheelchair. A power-assist, one arm drive wheelchair was developed that was maneuverable, foldable and easy to operate. A motor powers the wheel on the user's affected side, encoders on both rear(More)