Allen G Schroering

Learn More
The signaling pathway for DNA damaging drug-triggered apoptosis was examined in a chemosensitive human neuroblastoma cell line, SH-SY5Y. Doxorubicin and etoposide induce rapid and extensive apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells. After the drug treatment, p53 protein levels increase in the nucleus, leading to the induction of its transcription targets p21(Waf1/Cip1)(More)
One-dimensional 1H NMR was employed to study the effects of Ca2+ and Lu3+ binding on the apo and calcium-saturated forms of dog bone Gla protein (BGP, osteocalcin). Titration of apo dog BGP with Ca2+ in 20 mM NaCl showed spectral perturbations consistent with the binding of 5 mol equiv of calcium in the NMR slow-exchange limit. The first 2 Ca2+ equiv(More)
In the heart, alpha-adrenergic, angiotensin II and endothelin signaling pathways modulate short-term changes in chronotropy and inotropy, and participate in the long-term control of cardiac growth. A shared feature of these signaling pathways is the stimulation of phosphatidylinositol (PI) turnover, which is thought to occur via G protein-mediated(More)
Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) promotes cell survival by upregulating expression of anti-apoptotic genes, a process that is antagonized by inhibitors of kappa B (I kappa B) factors. The only NF-kappa B family member known to be mutated in human cancer is NF-kappa B2 p100 (ref. 2), a factor with I kappa B activity. Here, we report the isolation from(More)
Alkylation chemotherapy has been a long-standing treatment protocol for human neoplasia. N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG) is a direct-acting monofunctional alkylator. Temozolomide is a clinical chemotherapeutic equivalent requiring metabolic breakdown to the alkylating agent. Both chemicals have similar mechanistic efficacy against DNA mismatch(More)
Signal transducing heterotrimeric G proteins are responsible for coupling a large number of cell surface receptors to the appropriate effector(s). Of the three subunits, 16 alpha, 4 beta, and 5 gamma subunits have been characterized, indicating a potential for over 300 unique combinations of heterotrimeric G proteins. To begin deciphering the unique G(More)
The DNA mismatch repair (MMR) pathway contributes to the fidelity of DNA synthesis and recombination by correcting mispaired nucleotides and insertion/deletion loops (IDLs). We have investigated whether MMR protein expression, activity, and subcellular location are altered during discrete phases of the cell cycle in mammalian cells. Two distinct methods(More)
A peptide corresponding to the epidermal growth factor homology domain of beta-heregulin stimulated autophosphorylation of the heregulin receptors erbB2 and erbB3 in Schwann cells and activation of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases ERK1 and ERK2. Heregulin-dependent activation of PAK65, a component of the stress-activated signaling pathway,(More)
The beta-heregulin sensory and motor neuron-derived factor (SMDF) has been suggested to be an important regulator of Schwann cell development and proliferation. In the present study, human SMDF was expressed in cultured cell lines. The cells and the recombinant protein were used to examine the membrane association and biological activity of the growth(More)
Treatment with low concentrations of monofunctional alkylating agents induces a G2 arrest only after the second round of DNA synthesis in mammalian cells and requires a proficient mismatch repair (MMR) pathway. Here, we have investigated rapid alkylation-induced recruitment of DNA repair proteins to chromosomal DNA within synchronized populations of MMR(More)