Allen F Brooks

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The enzyme tRNA-guanine transglycosylase (TGT) is involved in the queuosine modification of tRNAs in eukarya and eubacteria and in the archaeosine modification of tRNAs in archaea. However, the different classes of TGTs utilize different heterocyclic substrates (and tRNA in the case of archaea). Based on the X-ray structural analyses, an earlier study(More)
[(11)C]N-Methyl lansoprazole ([(11)C]NML, 3) was synthesized and evaluated as a radiopharmaceutical for quantifying tau neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) burden using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. [(11)C]NML was synthesized from commercially available lansoprazole in 4.6% radiochemical yield (noncorrected RCY, based upon [(11)C]MeI), 99%(More)
INTRODUCTION A novel one-pot method for preparing [(18)F]fluoromethylcholine ([(18)F]FCH) via in situ generation of [(18)F]fluoromethyl tosylate ([(18)F]FCH2OTs), and subsequent [(18)F]fluoromethylation of dimethylaminoethanol (DMAE), has been developed. METHODS [(18)F]FCH was prepared using a GE TRACERlab FXFN, although the method should be readily(More)
The last 2-3 years have seen numerous relationships develop between organometallic chemists, fluorine chemists and PET Centers around the world. These collaborations have led to the development of many new strategies for the late-stage introduction of fluorine-18 into complex bioactive molecules. In this perspective we highlight recent developments and key(More)
Abnormally aggregated tau is the hallmark pathology of tauopathy neurodegenerative disorders and is a target for development of both diagnostic tools and therapeutic strategies across the tauopathy disease spectrum. Development of carbon-11- or fluorine-18-labeled radiotracers with appropriate affinity and specificity for tau would allow noninvasive(More)
The most commonly utilized PET radionuclide is fluorine-18 ((18)F) because of its convenient half-life and excellent imaging properties. In this review, we present the first analysis of patents issued for radiotracers labeled with fluorine-18 (between 2009 and 2015), and provide perspective on current trends and future directions in PET radiotracer(More)
A copper-mediated radiofluorination of aryl- and vinylboronic acids with K(18)F is described. This method exhibits high functional group tolerance and is effective for the radiofluorination of a range of electron-deficient, -neutral, and -rich aryl-, heteroaryl-, and vinylboronic acids. This method has been applied to the synthesis of [(18)F]FPEB, a PET(More)
The receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) is a 35 kDa transmembrane receptor that belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily of cell surface molecules. Its role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is complex, but it is thought to mediate influx of circulating amyloid-β into the brain as well as amplify Aβ-induced pathogenic responses. RAGE is therefore(More)
There are over 100 modified bases that occur in RNA with the majority found in transfer RNA. It has been widely believed that the queuine modification is limited to four transfer RNA species in vivo. However, given the vast amount of the human genome (60-70%) that is transcribed into non-coding RNA (Mattick [10]), probing the presence of modified bases in(More)