Allen E Krouse

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AMD3100, a bicyclam antagonist of the chemokine receptor CXCR4, has been shown to induce rapid mobilization of CD34(+) hematopoietic cells in mice, dogs, and humans, offering an alternative to G-CSF mobilization of peripheral-blood hematopoietic stem cells. In this study, AMD3100-mobilized CD34(+) cells were phenotypically analyzed, marked with(More)
High-titer, HIV-1-based lentiviral vector particles were found to transduce cytokine-mobilized rhesus macaque CD34(+) cells and clonogenic progenitors very poorly (< 1%), reflecting the postentry restriction in rhesus cells to HIV infection. To overcome this barrier, we developed a simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-based vector system. A single exposure(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vectors transduce rhesus blood cells poorly due to a species-specific block by TRIM5alpha and APOBEC3G, which target HIV-1 capsid and viral infectivity factor (Vif), respectively. We sought to develop a lentiviral vector capable of transducing both human and rhesus blood cells by combining components of both HIV-1(More)
RNAi is a powerful method for suppressing gene expression that has tremendous potential for therapeutic applications. However, because endogenous RNAi plays a role in normal cellular functions, delivery and expression of siRNAs must be balanced with safety. Here we report successful stable expression in primates of siRNAs directed to chemokine (c-c motif)(More)
The high risk of insertional oncogenesis reported in clinical trials using integrating retroviral vectors to genetically modify hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) requires the development of safety strategies to minimize risks associated with novel cell and gene therapies. The ability to ablate genetically modified cells in vivo is desirable,(More)
Hematopoietic cells can be highly enriched for repopulating ability based upon the efflux of the fluorescent Hoechst 33342 dye by sorting for SP (side population) cells, a phenotype attributed to expression of ABCG2, a member of the ABC transporter superfamily. Intriguingly, murine studies suggest that forced ABCG2 expression prevents hematopoietic(More)
OBJECTIVE Gene transfer to hematopoietic stem cells has recently been demonstrated to benefit a small number of patients in whom a selective advantage is conferred upon genetically modified cells; however, in disorders where no such selective advantage is conferred, conditioning appears necessary to allow adequate engraftment. To decrease the toxicity(More)
Major limitations to gene therapy using HSCs are low gene transfer efficiency and the inability of most therapeutic genes to confer a selective advantage on the gene-corrected cells. One approach to enrich for gene-modified cells in vivo is to include in the retroviral vector a drug resistance gene, such as the P140K mutant of the DNA repair enzyme(More)
Genome-wide integration site analyses showed that Moloney murine leukemia virus (MoMLV)- and lentivirus-derived vectors integrate preferentially into the coding regions of genes, posing a risk of insertional mutagenesis. Avian sarcoma and leukosis viruses (ASLVs) were previously reported to have a weak preference for gene-coding regions in a cell line study(More)
An understanding of the number and contribution of individual pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) to the formation of blood lineages has important clinical implications for gene therapy and stem cell transplantation. We have been able to efficiently mark rhesus macaque long-term repopulating stem and progenitor cells with retroviral vectors, and(More)