Allen E Krouse

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High-titer, HIV-1-based lentiviral vector particles were found to transduce cytokine-mobilized rhesus macaque CD34(+) cells and clonogenic progenitors very poorly (< 1%), reflecting the postentry restriction in rhesus cells to HIV infection. To overcome this barrier, we developed a simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-based vector system. A single exposure(More)
RNAi is a powerful method for suppressing gene expression that has tremendous potential for therapeutic applications. However, because endogenous RNAi plays a role in normal cellular functions, delivery and expression of siRNAs must be balanced with safety. Here we report successful stable expression in primates of siRNAs directed to chemokine (c-c motif)(More)
An understanding of the number and contribution of individual pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) to the formation of blood lineages has important clinical implications for gene therapy and stem cell transplantation. We have been able to efficiently mark rhesus macaque long-term repopulating stem and progenitor cells with retroviral vectors, and(More)
Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) gene therapy using integrating vectors has a potential leukemogenic risk due to insertional mutagenesis. To reduce this risk, a limitation of ≤2 average vector copy number (VCN) per cell is generally accepted. We developed an assay for VCN among transduced CD34(+) cells that reliably predicts in vivo VCN in 16 rhesus recipients(More)
OBJECTIVE Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in combination with plerixafor produces significant mobilization of CD34(+) cells in rhesus macaques. We sought to evaluate whether these CD34(+) cells can stably reconstitute blood cells with lentiviral gene marking. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed hematopoietic stem cell transplantation using(More)
Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) is desirable for hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) gene therapy applications. However, low gene marking was previously observed in gene therapy trials, suggesting that RIC might be insufficient for (i) opening niches for efficient engraftment and/or (ii) inducing immunological tolerance for transgene-encoded proteins.(More)
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