Allen E. Eckhardt

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Point of care testing is playing an increasingly important role in improving the clinical outcome in health care management. The salient features of a point of care device are rapid results, integrated sample preparation and processing, small sample volumes, portability, multifunctionality and low cost. In this paper, we demonstrate some of these salient(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulates calcium homeostasis via the type I PTH/PTH-related peptide (PTH/PTHrP) receptor (PTH1R). The purpose of the present study was to identify the contributions of distinct signaling mechanisms to PTH-stimulated activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) ERK1/2. In Human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells(More)
This paper details the development of a digital microfluidic platform for multiplexed real-time polymerase chain reactions (PCR). Liquid samples in discrete droplet format are programmably manipulated upon an electrode array by the use of electrowetting. Rapid PCR thermocycling is performed in a closed-loop flow-through format where for each cycle the(More)
A digital microfluidic platform for performing heterogeneous sandwich immunoassays based on efficient handling of magnetic beads is presented in this paper. This approach is based on manipulation of discrete droplets of samples and reagents using electrowetting without the need for channels where the droplets are free to move laterally. Droplet-based(More)
Addition of N-acetylgalactosamine to threonine and serine is the first step in the synthesis of O-glycosidically linked oligosaccharides. A UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase (EC from porcine submaxillary glands was recently purified to electrophoretic homogeneity, and polyclonal antibodies against the(More)
Antibodies prepared against enzymatically deglycosylated porcine submaxillary gland mucin (apomucin), which were unreactive with native mucin and its partially deglycosylated derivatives, were used to immunolocalize apomucin in situ. Electron microscopy of sections of Lowicryl K4M-embedded tissue reacted successively with antibodies and protein A-gold(More)
Rapid, accurate diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) due to Mycoplasma pneumoniae is compromised by low sensitivity of culture and serology. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has emerged as a sensitive method to detect M. pneumoniae DNA in clinical specimens. However, conventional real-time PCR is not cost-effective for routine or outpatient(More)
Identifying infectious organisms, quantitating gene expression, and sequencing genomic DNA on chips all rely on the detection of nucleic acid hybridization. Described here is a novel assay for detection of the hybridization of products of the polymerase chain reaction using electron transfer from guanine to a transition-metal complex. The hybridization(More)
A lambda gt11 cDNA library, prepared from porcine submaxillary gland mRNA, was screened with anti-apomucin IgG, and five antibody-reactive phage were isolated. The phage with the largest cDNA insert, designated lambda PSM103, was further characterized. Its fusion protein reacted with anti-apomucin IgG and was used to affinity purify antibodies that(More)
The sequence of a 3.65-kilobase cDNA encoding a large portion of the polypeptide chain of porcine submaxillary mucin (apomucin) has been completed. The encoded polypeptide contains 1150 residues with the carboxyl-terminal 240 residues forming a globular domain that is rich in half-cystine, but deficient in sites for oligosaccharide attachment. The remaining(More)