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Motor impairment (tilt-plane) and hypothermia tests were used to further characterize the phenomenon of rapid tolerance to ethanol. Five experiments were carried out to clarify the relationship between rapid and chronic tolerance. The first experiment demonstrated that the extent of tolerance on day 2 produced by the single dose of 4 g/kg alcohol on day 1(More)
CGS-21680 (CGS), a highly selective adenosine A2a receptor agonist, may excite the fetal carotid bodies. This study was designed to determine 1) whether CGS stimulates fetal breathing and 2) whether sinoaortic denervation abolishes CGS-induced tachycardia. In eight intact fetuses (> 0.8 term), intra-arterial CGS infusion (6 micrograms.min-1.kg estimated(More)
We performed a randomized trial to compare nebulized and viscous topical corticosteroid treatments for eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Subjects with incident EoE (n = 25) received budesonide 1 mg twice daily, either nebulized and then swallowed (NEB) or as an oral viscous slurry (OVB), for 8 weeks. Baseline eosinophil counts for the NEB and OVB groups were(More)
The motor impairment (tilt-plane test) responses to ethanol were significantly reduced on days 2, 3, 4, or 5 in rats receiving ethanol (2.3 and 1.7 g/kg) 24 and 22 h earlier, compared to the control group pretreated with saline. Administration of (+)MK-801, prior to behavioral testing with ethanol on day 1, inhibited the development of tolerance on all(More)
We recently reported that the nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor L-nitroarginine (L-NA) blocks the development of rapid tolerance to the motor incoordinating effect of ethanol in the tilt-plane test. To clarify the mechanism of L-NA blockade of tolerance, four additional experiments were carried out using the same test. The first demonstrated that L-NA(More)
Motor impairment (tilt-plane test) test was used to assess the phenomenon of rapid tolerance and crosstolerance to benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and ethanol. The motor impairment responses to benzodiazepines (chlordiazepoxide and diazepam) and to various barbiturates (pentobarbital, phenobarbital, and barbital) were significantly reduced on day 2 in rats(More)
Motor impairment (tilt-plane test) was used to investigate whether the noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist ketamine prevents the development of chronic and acute tolerance to ethanol. Rats were treated with ethanol or saline in the presence and absence of ketamine (separate groups) for 10 days and tested for ethanol tolerance in the(More)
Recent studies from our laboratory have shown that NMDA antagonists ((+)MK-801 and ketamine) inhibit the development of both rapid and chronic tolerance to the motor-impairing (moving belt test) and hypothermic effects of ethanol. The present experiments were designed to determine a) the generality of this inhibition, by using a different test of motor(More)
We have recently reported that pretreatment with NMDA receptor antagonists [(+)MK-801 and ketamine] inhibited the development of rapid tolerance to ethanol hypothermia and motor-impairment on day 2 in animals receiving ethanol on day 1, compared to the control group pretreated with saline. In these studies rats were tested at 30, 60, 90 and 120 min after(More)
In a recent study, we showed that D-cycloserine, an agonist at the glycine site of the NMDA receptor, enhances the development of rapid tolerance to ethanol. In the present study, we report that the acquisition of rapid tolerance to the motor incoordination effect of ethanol (tilt-plane test) was increased only when D-cycloserine was injected before, but(More)