Allan Y Chen

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A complementary DNA fragment of the human DNA topoisomerase II gene was cloned into a T7 expression vector and overproduced in Escherichia coli. Rabbit polyclonal antibodies were raised against the recombinant topoisomerase II polypeptide which corresponds to the C-terminal one-third of human topoisomerase II polypeptide. Using the antiserum, DNA(More)
The role of DNA topoisomerase I as a biochemical mediator of radiosensitization in cultured mammalian cells by camptothecin derivatives was studied. We found that, in Chinese hamster DC3F cells, camptothecin enhanced the cytotoxicity of radiation in a schedule-dependent manner. At 4 microM, a sensitizer enhancement ratio of 1.45 was observed when radiation(More)
An E1B gene-attenuated adenovirus (dl1520) has been proposed to have a selective cytolytic activity in cancer cells with a mutation or deletion in the p53 tumor suppressor gene (p53-null), a defect present in almost half of human hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). In this study, the in vitro and in vivo antitumor activity of dl1520 was investigated focusing(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells that process and present antigenic peptides and are capable of generating potent T-cell immunity. A murine tumor model was developed to evaluate methods of genetic immunization to the human MART-1/Melan-A (MART-1) melanoma antigen. A poorly immunogenic murine fibrosarcoma line (NFSA) was stably(More)
The murine melanoma B16 expresses the murine counterpart of the human MART-1/Melan-A (MART-1) antigen, sharing a 68.6% amino acid sequence identity. In this study, mice were vaccinated with bone marrow-derived murine dendritic cells genetically modified with a replication-incompetent adenoviral vector to express the human MART-1 gene (AdVMART1). This(More)
A murine model of dendritic cell (DC)-based genetic immunization to a defined human melanoma antigen (Ag), MART-1/Melan-A (MART-1), was developed. The MART-1 gene was stably transfected into the nonimmunogenic mouse fibrosarcoma cell line NFSA that is syngeneic in C3Hf/Sem/Kam (C3H, H-2k) mice to generate the NFSA(MART1) cell line. In vivo protection from a(More)
We report a case of a supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) that occurred 12 years after cranial irradiation for a grade II astrocytoma. Neuroimaging was unable to distinguish between a recurrence of the original neoplasm and the development of a new, distinct entity. Pathologic review assisted by immunohistochemical staining, however,(More)
PURPOSE Brain metastasis occurs commonly in patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Herein, we report the efficacy of irinotecan and carboplatin in the treatment of brain metastases from SCLC. In addition, we review the existing data on chemotherapy for brain metastases in SCLC. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eighty patients with metastatic or relapsed SCLC(More)
Since its discovery more than a century ago, ionizing radiation has become a mainstay therapy for patients suffering from cancers. Currently, radiotherapy provides cure or palliative care for approximately one half of the cancer population. The anticancer efficacy of radiotherapy is, however, largely limited by its lack of tumor specificity and,(More)