Allan Schneider

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The adult cerebral cortex contains nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptors vital to cortical function. However, little is known about the assembly of embryonic nicotinic receptor subunits into functional receptors or whether they play an active role in cortical development. We now report evidence of functional nicotinic acetylcholine receptor channels in(More)
Although dopamine-containing cells are known to be present in sympathetic ganglia, the site of action and the role of dopamine in ganglion function remain obscure. In the present work, we evaluated the interaction of dopamine receptor ligands with particulate membrane fractions from bovine chromaffin cells and adrenal medullary homogenates using the D2(More)
Bovine adrenal chromaffin cells were isolated by removal of the cortex and sequential collagenase digestion of the medulla. The catecholamine secretory function of these cells was characterized with respect to acetylcholine stimulation, cation requirements, and cytoskeletal elements. The dose-response curve for stimulated release had its half-maximum value(More)
We have characterized the actions of taxol, a novel drug promoting microtubule formation, on 45Ca++ uptake and catecholamine release by isolated and cultured bovine adrenal chromaffin cells. The effects of taxol are compared with corresponding actions of vinblastine. We also have measured the effects of microtubule-active drugs on the dynamic pattern of(More)
V79 Chinese hamster cells were constructed for stable expression of human cytochrome P450 3A4 with and without coexpression of human NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase. Expression of the cDNAs was shown by Northern and Western analyses. Activity was tested by 6 beta-hydroxylation of testosterone for cytochrome P450 3A4 and by cytochrome c reduction for(More)
Binding of 125I-omega-conotoxin GVIA and [3H]nitrendipine to membranes from bovine adrenal medulla was investigated to test for the presence of N- and L-type Ca2+ channels in adrenal chromaffin cells. Saturable, high-affinity binding sites for 125I-omega-conotoxin and [3H]nitrendipine were detected in a membrane fraction from adrenal medulla.(More)
Chinese hamster V79 cell lines were constructed for stable expression of human cytochrome P450 1B1 (P450 1B1) in order to study its role in the metabolic activation of chemicals and toxicological consequences. The new V79 cell lines were applied to studies on DNA adduct formation of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DB[a,l]P).(More)
Nicotine tolerance and dependence are key aspects of tobacco addiction; however, the cellular mechanisms underlying these phenomena are poorly understood. Adrenal chromaffin cells release catecholamines upon exposure to nicotine and with repeated exposure this response exhibits nicotine tolerance. Using bovine adrenal chromaffin cells in culture, we have(More)
Although dopamine is known to be present in sympathetic ganglia, its role and mode of action as a peripheral neurotransmitter are still poorly understood. Dopaminergic agonists have been shown to inhibit adrenal catecholamine release and calcium uptake. However, the specific dopamine receptor subtype mediating these effects and the receptor transduction(More)
Several microtubule-active drugs block cholinergically mediated catecholamine secretion from adrenal chromaffin cells without affecting secretion induced by other secretagogues. Interactions of these agents with nicotinic acetylcholine receptor-ion channel complexes from Torpedo californica electric organs were studied using radiolabeled probes for receptor(More)