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INTRODUCTION Orthodontic treatment with clear sequential removable thermoplastic appliances (TAs) is gaining popularity as an alternative to treatment with fixed appliances. The amount of(More)
INTRODUCTION Intrusion is a critical type of orthodontic tooth movement in relation to external root resorption. Our aims in this prospective randomized clinical trial were to quantify, 3(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the effect of different orthodontic force levels on cementum, investigating from the point of view of its physical properties, alterations in the mineral components, type and(More)
INTRODUCTION There is still ambiguity about whether continuous or intermittent orthodontic forces produce more root resorption. This prospective randomized clinical trial was designed to compare root(More)
INTRODUCTION Repair of root resorption cavities has been studied under light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The aim of this investigation was to(More)
INTRODUCTION Root resorption is an undesirable consequence of orthodontic tooth movement. The severity is unpredictable, and, despite extensive research, the etiology remains unknown. Torque has been(More)
High-resolution X-ray microtomography (micro-CT) was used to show the spatial configuration of the membranous labyrinth of the fixed guinea pig and human inner ear. Whole temporal bones were en bloc(More)