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Mammalian primordial germ cells (PGCs) proliferate as they migrate from their initial location in the extraembryonic mesoderm to the genital ridge, the gonadal anlage. Once in the genital ridge, PGCs cease dividing and differentiate according to their gender. To identify ligands that might limit PGC proliferation, we analyzed growth factor receptors encoded(More)
A study was conducted to establish whether the wild thyme [ Thymus polytrichus A. Kerner ex Borbás ssp. britannicus (Ronn.) Kerguelen (Lamiaceae)] growing in the metal-contaminated soils along the River South Tyne, United Kingdom, is colonised by arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, and whether the degree of colonisation increases (perhaps suggesting(More)
Stickler syndrome (hereditary arthro-ophthalmopathy) is the commonest inherited cause of retinal detachment and one of the commonest autosomal dominant connective tissue dysplasias. There is clinical and locus heterogeneity with about two thirds of families linked to the gene encoding type II procollagen (COL2A1). Families with Sticklers syndrome type 1(More)
The results of oral tolerance tests of two dipeptides and of their constitutent amino acids are compared in normal subjects and in a case of Hartnup disease. In the control subjects the rate of absorption of phenylalanine from phenylalanyl-phenylalanine and of tryptophan from glycyl-tryptophan was slower than after the equivalent amount of the free amino(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigates the similarities and differences between epiretinal membranes in four clinically distinct types of vitreomaculopathy. We propose a hypothesis on the origin of the predominant cell type and its potential role in causing these conditions. METHODS Epiretinal membranes (ERMs) surgically removed from a prospective,(More)
We have recently analysed by histological, protein and molecular DNA techniques 23 mutations of the collagen III gene (COL3A1), most of which cause premature arterial fragility, thin skin and variants of vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. There were 14 glycine substitutions between residues 637 and 1021, eight exon skips between exons 7 and 45 and one small(More)
Stickler syndrome (hereditary arthro-ophthalmopathy) is a dominantly inherited connective tissue disorder with ocular, oro-facial, auditory and skeletal manifestations. It is genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous with the majority of families having mutations in the gene encoding type II collagen (COL2A1) and exhibiting a characteristic 'membranous'(More)
Separation of the vitreous and posterior hyaloid membrane (PHM) or posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 65 years in the general population, but may occur earlier in myopic or otherwise predisposed individuals. Age-related synergetic changes occurring within the cortical and central gel must be distinguished from(More)
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a heterogeneous group of connective tissue disorders. Recently mutations have been found in the genes for type V collagen in a small number of people with the most common forms of EDS, types I and II. Here we characterise a COL5A2 mutation in an EDS II family. Cultured dermal fibroblasts obtained from an affected subject(More)
The fundamental role of primary health care teams (PHCT) is to deliver effective services to the local population. Demands on the PHCT have increased since the early 1990s and, with the advent of Primary Care Groups (PCGs), will continue to do so in a primary health care led National Health Service (NHS). Rapid changes, however, raise questions about the(More)