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  • A J Richards
  • 2003
Apomixis is a common feature of perennial plants, which occurs in ca. 60% of the British flora, but has been largely ignored by reproductive theoreticians. Successful individuals may cover huge areas, and live to great ages, favoured by 'symmetrical' selection. Apomixis is favoured by colonizing modes, for instance post-glacially. Despite its theoretical(More)
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a heritable disorder characterized by calcification of elastic fibres in skin, arteries and retina that results in dermal lesions with associated laxity and loss of elasticity, arterial insufficiency and retinal haemorrhages leading to macular degeneration. PXE is usually found as a sporadic disorder, but examples of both(More)
We have performed linkage analysis on 21 families with pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) using 10 polymorphic markers located on chromosome 16p13.1. The gene responsible for the PXE phenotype was localized to an 8-cM region of 16p13.1 between markers D16S500 and D16S3041 with a maximum lod score of 8.1 at a recombination fraction of 0.04 for marker D16S3017.(More)
Mammalian primordial germ cells (PGCs) proliferate as they migrate from their initial location in the extraembryonic mesoderm to the genital ridge, the gonadal anlage. Once in the genital ridge, PGCs cease dividing and differentiate according to their gender. To identify ligands that might limit PGC proliferation, we analyzed growth factor receptors encoded(More)
We have studied a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV. Protein mapping studies of her type III collagen had indicated that cyanogen bromide fragment 9 contained the site of the mutation. Here we describe the mapping of this region for a single base mutation using a chemical modification and cleavage technique. Sequence analysis of cDNA showed a G to(More)
Stickler syndrome (hereditary arthro-ophthalmopathy) is the commonest inherited cause of retinal detachment and one of the commonest autosomal dominant connective tissue dysplasias. There is clinical and locus heterogeneity with about two thirds of families linked to the gene encoding type II procollagen (COL2A1). Families with Sticklers syndrome type 1(More)
We previously localised the gene (LAMA4) encoding a novel laminin alpha 4 chain to chromosome 6q21. In this study, we describe the complete coding sequence and compare the protein with the other three known human laminin alpha chains. Although closely linked to LAMA2, the LAMA4 product most closely resembles laminin alpha 3, a constituent of laminin 5. Like(More)
We have recently analysed by histological, protein and molecular DNA techniques 23 mutations of the collagen III gene (COL3A1), most of which cause premature arterial fragility, thin skin and variants of vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. There were 14 glycine substitutions between residues 637 and 1021, eight exon skips between exons 7 and 45 and one small(More)
AIMS To compare the clinical and molecular genetic features of two phenotypically distinct subgroups of families with type 1 Stickler syndrome. BACKGROUND Stickler syndrome (hereditary arthro-ophthalmopathy, McKusick Nos 108300 and 184840) is a dominantly inherited disorder of collagen connective tissue, resulting in an abnormal vitreous, myopia, and a(More)
AIMS To investigate the histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features of the posterior hyaloid membrane (PHM) in its naturally separated state in patients without previous surgery and slit-lamp documentation of antemortem posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). METHODS A prospective study was commenced in 1992 to recruit patients with(More)