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The diphosphate of the antiherpetic agent acyclovir [9-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]guanine] has been shown to inhibit purine nucleoside phosphorylase with unique potency (Tuttle, J. V., and Krenitsky, T. A. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 4065-4069). A major factor contributing to the superior inhibition by this diphosphate over the corresponding mono- and(More)
Growing evidence emphasizes that the purine nucleoside adenosine plays an active role as a local regulator in different pathologies. Adenosine is a ubiquitous nucleoside involved in various physiological and pathological functions by stimulating A1 , A2A , A2B , and A3 adenosine receptors (ARs). At the present time, the role of A2A ARs is well known in(More)
Two nucleosides related to the known antiprotozoal agent 1-(beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-1,5-dihydro-4H-pyrazolo-[3,4-d]pyrimidine-4-one (allopurinol riboside, 1) were prepared and evaluated against Leishmania donovani, Trypanosoma cruzi, and Trypanosoma gambiense. 3'-Deoxyinosine (2) exhibited potent antiprotozoal activity against the three protozoal pathogens(More)
6-Methoxypurine arabinoside (9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-6-methoxy-9H-purine, 1) has potent and selective activity against varicella-zoster virus in vitro. An unfavourable metabolic profile observed with oral dosing in the rat led to the preparation of a variety of 2',3',5'-triesters (2a-n) and several 2',3'-, 2',5'-, and 3',5'-diesters of this arabinoside(More)
MRE 2029-F20 [N-benzo[1,3]dioxol-5-yl-2-[5-(2,6-dioxo-1,3-dipropyl-2,3,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-purin-8-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yloxy]-acetamide] is a selective antagonist ligand of A2B adenosine receptors. For use as a radioligand, 1,3-diallyl-xanthine, the precursor of [3H]-MRE 2029-F20, was synthesized, and tritiated on the allyl groups. [3H]-MRE 2029-F20(More)
Here we report the synthesis of 8-heterocycle-substituted xanthines as potent and selective A(2B) adenosine receptor antagonists. The structure-activity relationships (SAR) of the xanthines synthesized in binding to recombinant human A(2B) adenosine receptors (ARs) in HEK-293 cells (HEK-A(2B)) and at other AR subtypes were explored. The synthesized(More)
PURPOSE This study compared the pharmacokinetic profile, and systemic and local absorption of diclofenac, following dermal patch application and oral administration in Yorkshire-Landrace pigs. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twelve anesthetized, female, Yorkshire-Landrace pigs were randomized to receive either the dermal patch (FLECTOR(®) patch, 10 × 14 cm; Alpharma(More)
A new series of N(6)-[(hetero)aryl/(cyclo)alkyl-carbamoyl-methoxy-phenyl]-(2-chloro)-5'-N-ethylcarboxamido-adenosines (24-43) has been synthesised and tested in binding assays at hA(1), hA(2A) and hA(3) adenosine receptors, and in a functional assay at the hA(2B) subtype. The examined compounds displayed high potency in activating A(2B) receptors with good(More)
The characterization of the native and recombinant P2X7 receptor continues to be hindered by the lack of specific and subtype-selective antagonists with a "druglike" profile. However, a tyrosine derivative named KN-62 exhibits selective P2X7 receptor-blocking properties. As a molecular simplification of KN-62, the present study was designed to evaluate the(More)
We have recently reported a detailed structure-activity relationship study around a wide series of 2-amino-3-(4-chlorobenzoyl)-4-[(4-arylpiperazin-1-yl)methyl]thiophene derivatives as potent allosteric enhancers of the A(1) adenosine receptor. In the current study, we have continued to explore the potential of these molecules by synthesizing of a novel(More)