Allan M Williams

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International mobility provides opportunities for learning and knowledge transfer by health care workers, with significant potential benefits for countries of destination and, in the case of returned migration, countries of origin. This is examined using a typology that recognizes four types of tacit knowledge: embrained, embodied, embedded, and encultured.(More)
This paper explores four aspects of the underdeveloped conceptualisation of the role of international migration in uneven regional development and polarisation in cities. First, it emphasises the way in which human mobility transfers not only human capital but also knowledge and material capital, and that these are interrelated. Second, it considers how(More)
Risk shapes, and is shaped by, migration but while widely acknowledged, this is unevenly and mostly only implicitly theorised and analysed. Starting from the distinction between risk and uncertainty, the paper contrasts the different approaches of economics and sociology to theorising risk, in terms of scale, social constructionism, and being informed by(More)
  • Sergio Salis, Allan M Williams, London, Helen Bewley, Alex Bryson, Michael White
  • 2008
We investigate whether workplaces adopting human resources management (HRM) practices that enhance face-to-face communication (FTFC) among employees are more productive than workplaces that do not use such arrangements. The underlying rationale is that facilitating employees' physical proximity and verbal interaction makes knowledge sharing within(More)
  • A Weidenfeld, R Butler, A M Williams, Adi Weidenfel, Richard Butler, Allan M Williams
  • 2011
Cooperation and complementarity are important but understudied components of tourism clusters in general and of the tourist attraction sector in particular. This paper addresses product similarities in general, and thematic similarity in particular, in the context of spatial proximity and clustering amongst tourist attractions. These relationships are(More)
Although risk and uncertainty are intrinsic to human migration, there is surprisingly little explicit research on the willingness to take risks in this context. This paper analyses whether migrants are more or less likely than non-migrants to be risk tolerant, and whether these differences are gendered. Attitudes are explored in terms of responses under(More)
Migration is a risky behaviour because of uncertainty about future wages, living conditions, changing relationships with family and friends and cultural adjustment. Migration researchers recognize the importance of risk and uncertainty but mostly have approached this as a form of 'rational' decision making, rather than in terms of how behavioural economics(More)
Migration decisions are complex, involving both economic and non-economic considerations, and are often made in conditions that depart significantly from the idealised information assumptions of many models. This paper uses a three-stage experimental research design to analyse migrant decision making in the face of complexity and varying information(More)
This paper advances understanding of tourism mobility trajectories and outcomes by discussing if the trajectory of tourism mobility is path dependent or path creating and, therefore, whether tourism is locked into existing sub optimal pathways, or is there scope for creating significantly more sustainable future pathways. Tourism mobilities are understood(More)