Learn More
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) matrix protein forms a structural shell associated with the inner viral membrane and performs other essential functions throughout the viral life cycle. The crystal structure of the HIV-1 matrix protein, determined at 2.3 angstrom resolution, reveals that individual matrix molecules are composed of five major(More)
The HIV-1 matrix protein forms an icosahedral shell associated with the inner membrane of the mature virus. Genetic analyses have indicated that the protein performs important functions throughout the viral life-cycle, including anchoring the transmembrane envelope protein on the surface of the virus, assisting in viral penetration, transporting the(More)
The matrix protein performs similar roles in all retroviruses, initially directing membrane localization of the assembling viral particle and subsequently forming a stable structural shell associated with the inner surface of the mature viral membrane. Although conserved structural elements are likely to perform these functions in all retroviral matrix(More)
The three-dimensional solution- and solid-state structures of the human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) matrix protein have been determined recently in our laboratories by NMR and X-ray crystallographic methods (Massiah et al. 1994. J Mol Biol 244:198-223; Hill et al. 1996. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93:3099-3104). The matrix protein exists as a monomer(More)
Real-Time Strategy (RTS) is a challenging domain for AI, since it involves not only a large state space, but also dynamic actions that agents execute concurrently. This problem cannot be optimally solved through general Q-learning techniques, so we propose a solution using a Semi Markov Decision Process (SMDP). We present a time-based reward shaping(More)
  • 1