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Movements of the whole-body center of mass during quiet standing have been estimated from measurements of body segment movements. These whole-body center of mass movements have been compared with movements of the center of mass as predicted from a simple inverted-pendulum model of standing. However, the total body center of mass is a weighted average of the(More)
This study investigated the influence of fear of falling or postural threat on the control of posture and movement during a voluntary rise to toes task for 12 healthy young adults. Postural threat was modified through alterations to the surface height at which individuals stood (low or high platform) and changes in step restriction (away from or at the edge(More)
This study investigated control of posture when standing at different surface heights above ground level. Alterations in surface height were used to modify threat to postural control. Sixty-two healthy adults (mean+/-S.D.=20.3+/-1.3 years) stood quietly on a force plate 40 cm (LOW threat), 100 cm (MEDIUM threat) or 160 cm (HIGH threat) above ground level.(More)
We investigated the effects of ageing on balance corrections induced by sudden stance perturbations in different directions. Effects were examined in biomechanical and electromyographic (EMG) recordings from a total of 36 healthy subjects divided equally into three age groups (20-34, 35-55 and 60-75 years old). Perturbations consisted of six combinations of(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was to track improvements in postural control during recovery from an acute unilateral peripheral vestibular deficit (UVL), presumably due to vestibular neuritis, and to determine if recovery rates were different for stance and gait tasks. Postural control was quantified using simple measurements of trunk sway: amplitudes of trunk sway(More)
This study investigated the effects of postural set on the cortical response evoked by an external perturbation to human upright stance. Postural set was manipulated by providing either predictable or unpredictable whole body perturbations which required balance corrections to maintain upright stability. Unpredictable perturbations evoked a large negative(More)
This study investigated the relationship between fear of falling (FOF) and qualitative and quantitative postural control in Parkinson's disease (PD). Fifty-eight nondemented PD patients were studied along with age-matched healthy controls. The degree of FOF was estimated using the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale. Qualitative postural control(More)
Steering is an integral component of adaptive locomotor behavior. Along with reorientation of gaze and body in the direction of intended travel, body center of mass must be controlled in the mediolateral plane. In this study we examine how these subtasks are sequenced when steering is planned early or initiated under time constraints. Whole body kinematics(More)
The characteristics of visual sampling required for successful locomotion over various terrains is the focus of this work. In the first experiment we directly address the role of continuous visual monitoring of the environment in guiding locomotion by allowing the subjects to choose when and where to take a visual sample of the terrain and examine the(More)
Although it is well established that postural threat modifies postural control, little is known regarding the underlying mechanism(s) responsible for these changes. It is possible that changes in postural control under conditions of elevated postural threat result from a shift to a more conscious control of posture. The purpose of this study was to(More)