Allan G. A. Coombes

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Human serum albumin (HSA) nanospheres of about 100 nm diameter were prepared using a pH-coacervation method whereby acetone was added to an HSA solution (pH 9.0). The particles obtained were cross-linked by glutaraldehyde. Increasing the pH of the HSA solution resulted in a gradual rise in the particle size of the resultant nanospheres. A higher(More)
The modification of surface properties of biodegradable poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) and model polystyrene nanospheres by poly(lactide)-poly(ethlene glycol) (PLA:PEG) copolymers has been assessed using a range of in vitro characterization methods followed by in vivo studies of the nanospheres biodistribution after intravenous injection into rats.(More)
The potential of resorbable synthetic polymers derived from the poly(alpha-hydroxy acids), poly(lactide) and poly(glycolide), to fulfill a role as bone graft substitutes is reviewed. The various elements of the relationship between the degradation behaviour of resorbable implants and polymer synthesis and chain structure, implant morphology, processing and(More)
Human serum albumin (HSA) nanospheres with a size less than 200 nm in diameter were prepared using a modified coacervation method and crosslinking with methyl polyethylene glycol modified oxidized Dextram (Dextranox-MPEG) which created a sterically stabilizing polyethylene oxide surface layer surrounding the nanospheres. The crosslinking efficiency and the(More)
Microporous, poly (ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) matrices loaded with the antibacterial, metronidazole were produced by rapidly cooling suspensions of drug powder in PCL solutions in acetone. Drug incorporation in the matrices increased from 2.0% to 10.6% w/w on raising the drug loading of the PCL solution from 5% to 20% w/w measured with respect to the PCL(More)
The surface chemical characterisation of sub-200 nm poly(DL-lactide co-glycolide) nanospheres has been carried out using the complementary analytical techniques of static secondary ion mass spectrometry (SSIMS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The nanospheres, which are of interest for site-specific drug delivery, were prepared using an(More)
Protein-loaded microparticles were produced from blends of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) with poly(L-lactide) (PLA) homopolymer or poly(DL-lactide co-glycolide) copolymers (PLG) using a water-in oil-in oil method. The stability of ovalbumin (OVA) associated with microparticles prepared using PEG and 50:50 PLG, 75:25 PLG and PLA, respectively, was analysed by(More)
Ovalbumin-loaded poly (D,L-lactide co-glycolide) [OVA-loaded PLG] microparticles, produced by emulsion/solvent evaporation stimulated the production of high serum IgG antibody levels after a single subcutaneous (s.c.) administration in mice and the duration of the immune response paralleled the degradation rate of the carrier. Formulations based on slow(More)
Poly(DL-lactide co-glycolide) microparticles below 5 microm in size and containing ovalbumin (OVA), were prepared using the water-in oil-in water (w/o/w) technique with either polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) or polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as stabilisers in the external aqueous phase. PVP-stabilised microparticles exhibited higher protein loading (8.2%, w/w relative(More)
In recent years microspheres or microparticles produced from biodegradable polymers such as poly(D,L-lactide) (PLA) and poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) containing encapsulated vaccine antigens have been investigated for administration via parenteral, oral, and intranasal routes. These microparticles allow the controlled release of vaccines with an(More)