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BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis affecting the shoulder is typically associated with rotator cuff compromise and can also result in severe glenoid erosion. Since reverse shoulder arthroplasty is capable of addressing both rotator cuff disorders and glenoid bone deficiencies, our aim was to evaluate the outcome of reverse shoulder arthroplasty in patients(More)
Recurrent anterior shoulder instability is common in contact athletes and the high-energy injuries seen in this group make them more prone to bone loss. Athletes with recurrent instability and associated bone loss have high failure rates when treated with a soft tissue reconstruction procedure. Therefore it is preferred to manage recurrent instability in(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have reported the theoretic amount of coracoid graft available for harvesting with the Latarjet procedure. Our aim was to investigate the actual dimensions of coracoid grafts harvested using a standardized technique. We also hoped to confirm previous recommendations regarding placement of the inferior glenoid drill hole to avoid(More)
Osteoarthritis is a disease of multifactorial aetiology characterised by progressive breakdown of articular cartilage. In the early stages of the disease, changes become apparent in the superficial zone of articular cartilage, including fibrillation and fissuring. Normally, a monolayer of lubricating molecules is adsorbed on the surface of cartilage and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate histologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular changes in tendon induced by altered strain in a large-animal model. METHODS A full-thickness partial-width laceration of the infraspinatus tendon was created in 5 sheep, while 5 sham-operated sheep were used as controls. Sheep were killed after 4 weeks, and 4 differentially stressed(More)
We report the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of the Aequalis total shoulder replacement with a cemented all-polyethylene flat-back keeled glenoid component implanted for primary osteoarthritis between 1991 and 2003 in nine European centres. A total of 226 shoulders in 210 patients were retrospectively reviewed at a mean of 122.7 months (61 to(More)
BACKGROUND Biconcave glenoids in primary osteoarthritis represent a challenge because of the associated static posterior instability of the humeral head and secondary posterior glenoid erosion. This study evaluated the influence of different preoperative radiographic measurements on the outcome of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), particularly regarding(More)
PURPOSE We assessed the clinical and radiologic results of a cemented all-polyethylene convex-back keeled glenoid component used with a third-generation prosthesis. METHODS Between 1996 and 2003, in 4 European centers, 333 shoulder arthroplasties were performed for primary osteoarthritis by use of a cemented all-polyethylene convex-back keeled glenoid(More)
STUDY DESIGN An investigation of mechanical destabilization of the lumbar ovine intervertebral disc (IVD) inducing IVD degeneration (IVDD) as determined by multiparameter outcome measures (magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], IVD composition, biomechanical testing, gene profiling, immunohistochemistry, and immunoblotting). OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of(More)