Allan A. Young

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Glenoid bone loss is commonly observed in anterior glenohumeral instability and varies greatly in both its extent and significance. In 2000, Burkhart and De Beer reported a recurrence rate of 4% after arthroscopic Bankart repair for anterior instability in patients without significant bone deficiency, whereas the rate of recurrence was 67% in the presence(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis affecting the shoulder is typically associated with rotator cuff compromise and can also result in severe glenoid erosion. Since reverse shoulder arthroplasty is capable of addressing both rotator cuff disorders and glenoid bone deficiencies, our aim was to evaluate the outcome of reverse shoulder arthroplasty in patients(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA), the commonest form of arthritis and a major cause of morbidity, is characterized by progressive degeneration of the articular cartilage. Along with increased production and activation of degradative enzymes, altered synthesis of cartilage matrix molecules and growth factors by resident chondrocytes is believed to play a central role in(More)
Improved staging of cartilage degeneration is required, particularly during early stages when minimal surface damage is visible arthroscopically. Degradation of articular cartilage extracellular matrix, resulting from degenerative changes associated with osteoarthritis, can influence its functional properties. Cartilage mechanical properties therefore may(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have reported the theoretic amount of coracoid graft available for harvesting with the Latarjet procedure. Our aim was to investigate the actual dimensions of coracoid grafts harvested using a standardized technique. We also hoped to confirm previous recommendations regarding placement of the inferior glenoid drill hole to avoid(More)
PURPOSE We assessed the clinical and radiologic results of a cemented all-polyethylene convex-back keeled glenoid component used with a third-generation prosthesis. METHODS Between 1996 and 2003, in 4 European centers, 333 shoulder arthroplasties were performed for primary osteoarthritis by use of a cemented all-polyethylene convex-back keeled glenoid(More)
We report the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of the Aequalis total shoulder replacement with a cemented all-polyethylene flat-back keeled glenoid component implanted for primary osteoarthritis between 1991 and 2003 in nine European centres. A total of 226 shoulders in 210 patients were retrospectively reviewed at a mean of 122.7 months (61 to(More)
Osteoarthritis is a disease of multifactorial aetiology characterised by progressive breakdown of articular cartilage. In the early stages of the disease, changes become apparent in the superficial zone of articular cartilage, including fibrillation and fissuring. Normally, a monolayer of lubricating molecules is adsorbed on the surface of cartilage and(More)
This study evaluated spatial and temporal extracellular matrix changes, induced by controlled surgical defects in the outer third of the annulus fibrosus (AF) of ovine intervertebral discs (IVDs). Thirty-two 4 year old sheep received a 4 mm deep × 10 mm wide standard annular surgical incision in the L1L2 and L3L4 IVDs (lesion group), 32 sheep were also(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate histologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular changes in tendon induced by altered strain in a large-animal model. METHODS A full-thickness partial-width laceration of the infraspinatus tendon was created in 5 sheep, while 5 sham-operated sheep were used as controls. Sheep were killed after 4 weeks, and 4 differentially stressed(More)