Allan A. Hunter

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PURPOSE Cell death can be induced by exogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS). Endogenous ROS can also play a role in cell death triggered by agents that are not themselves ROS. One of the most potent ROS-generating systems is the iron-catalyzed Fenton reaction. Herein, the authors tested whether iron plays an important role in cell death induced by diverse(More)
PURPOSE To correlate retinal function and visual sensitivity with retinal morphology revealed by ultrahigh-resolution imaging with adaptive optics-optical coherence tomography (AO-OCT), on patients with geographic atrophy. METHODS Five eyes from five subjects were tested (four with geographic atrophy [66.3 ± 6.4 years, mean ± 1 SD] and one normal [61(More)
Retinal image alignment is fundamental to many applications in diagnosis of eye diseases. In this paper, we address the problem of landmark matching based retinal image alignment. We propose a novel landmark matching formulation by enforcing sparsity in the correspondence matrix and offer its solutions based on linear programming. The proposed formulation(More)
Gastric cancer frequently occurs in family members with hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) and germline E-cadherin mutations were recently identified in a subset of familial gastric cancers. Thus, families with an aggregation of gastric cancers were recruited by reviewing the genealogical trees of 3632 patients(More)
PURPOSE Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the elderly. Evidence suggests oxidative stress plays a role in the disease. To assess the potential contribution of epigenetic regulation of antioxidant genes relevant to AMD pathogenesis, we evaluated DNA methylation, a tissue-specific genetic modulation that affects gene(More)
PURPOSE Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) results in optic nerve damage with retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss. An NAION model, rodent anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (rAION), was used to determine AION-associated mechanisms of RGC death and associated regional retinal changes. METHODS rAION was induced in male Wistar rats, and the(More)
PURPOSE Iron dysregulation can cause retinal disease, yet retinal iron regulatory mechanisms are incompletely understood. The peptide hormone hepcidin (Hepc) limits iron uptake from the intestine by triggering degradation of the iron transporter ferroportin (Fpn). Given that Hepc is expressed in the retina and Fpn is expressed in cells constituting the(More)
In this paper, we address the problem of landmark matching based retinal image registration. Two major contributions render our registration algorithm distinguished from many previous methods. One is a novel landmark-matching formulation which enables not only a joint estimation of the correspondences and transformation model but also the optimization with(More)
Mutations in the RP1 gene can cause retinitis pigmentosa. We identified a spontaneous L66P mutation caused by two adjacent point mutations in the Rp1 gene in a colony of C57BL/6J mice. Mice homozygous for the L66P mutation exhibited slow, progressive photoreceptor degeneration throughout their lifespan. Optical coherence tomography imaging found abnormal(More)
PURPOSE Two methods were used to study the stages of macular telangiectasia (MACTEL): Power-Doppler optical coherence tomography (PD-OCT), which allows imaging of the retinal circulation in three dimensions, and macular pigment optical density (MPOD), which quantifies the distribution of macular carotenoids. METHODS Among 49 patients with MacTel(More)