Alla Sikorskii

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BACKGROUND Communication problems in health care may arise as a result of healthcare providers focusing on diseases and their management, rather than people, their lives and their health problems. Patient-centred approaches to care delivery in the patient encounter are increasingly advocated by consumers and clinicians and incorporated into training for(More)
The results of a randomized controlled trial that tested the effects of eight-week, six-contact multidimensional interactive interventions for symptom management are presented. Four hundred and thirty-five cancer patients with solid tumors undergoing chemotherapy were randomized to receive either nurse-assisted symptom management (NASM) or automated(More)
BACKGROUND Participant attrition from randomized controlled trials reduces the statistical power of the study and can potentially introduce bias. Early identification of potential causes of attrition can help reduce patient attrition. We performed secondary analyses of two trials involving cancer patients. PURPOSE To identify predictors of attrition(More)
BACKGROUND Comorbidity is an important adjustment measure in research focusing on outcomes such as health status and mortality. One recurrent methodological issue concerns the concordance of comorbidity data obtained from different reporting sources. The purpose of these prospectively planned analyses was to examine the concordance of comorbidity data(More)
BACKGROUND The Knee Society Clinical Rating System was developed in 1989 and has been widely adopted. However, with the increased demand for TKA, there is a need for a new, validated scoring system to better characterize the expectations, satisfaction, and physical activities of the younger, more diverse population of TKA patients. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We(More)
BACKGROUND Up to 80% of women with breast cancer use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies to improve quality of life (QOL) during treatment. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to explore the association between CAM therapy use, spending on CAM therapies, demographic variables, surgical treatment, and QOL. METHODS A secondary(More)
This research evaluates the impact of a randomized clinical trial for lowering family members' reactions and increasing their involvement in assisting cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy to better manage their symptoms. The cognitive behavioral intervention was directed toward both the patient and family caregivers. At 10 weeks, caregivers who received(More)
BACKGROUND Automated voice response (AVR) systems have been used to collect patient-reported outcome data. Mode of administration of the assessment may affect patient reporting. OBJECTIVE To evaluate if there is a differential reporting of symptoms by the mode of assessment: AVR versus a live telephone interview among cancer patients with solid tumors(More)
Perceived benefits of and barriers to physical activity (PA) reported by 206 middle school boys and girls in a survey were compared. Only "take care of myself, stay in shape, and be healthier" emerged as a greater benefit for girls than boys. Among students not on a sports team, boys reported fewer barriers than girls. Among those selecting an active(More)
BACKGROUND Up to 17% of children in the United States have been diagnosed with asthma; children ages 9-14 years experience higher morbidity and mortality compared with other age groups. An academic and counseling program for older elementary students with asthma was developed in collaboration with school personnel, healthcare professionals, and community(More)