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STUDY OBJECTIVES To assess the incidence of acute mechanical causes precipitating sudden cardiac arrest in cardiac surgery patients during the immediate postoperative period. In addition, we report the success rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in which open-chest CPR was employed at an early stage of the resuscitation effort. METHODS Data on all(More)
AIMS Previous reports have demonstrated enhanced myocardial protection and better post-ischaemic recovery using the oxygen free radical scavenger deferoxamine (DEF) during cardioplegia. The aim of this study was to test whether, in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), DEF i.v. infusion can reduce reperfusion injury on a short- and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess long-term survival, functional status, and quality of life in patients who experienced cardiac arrest after cardiac surgery. DESIGN Prospective, observational study. SETTING An 18-bed, adult cardiac surgery intensive care unit in a tertiary teaching center. PATIENTS Twenty-nine cardiac surgery patients who suffered an unexpected(More)
Cardiac myxoma is the most common benign tumor of the heart. It presents with a variety of clinical signs and symptomatology making diagnosis frequently quite a challenge. We review our experience with 41 patients who underwent surgical intervention for cardiac myxoma between 1994 and 2011. All patients' preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative(More)
OBJECTIVES Correction of ascending aorta and proximal aortic arch pathology with numerous surgical techniques having been proposed over the years remains a surgical challenge. This study was undertaken to identify risk factors influencing outcome after aortic arch operations, requiring deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). METHODS Between 1993 and(More)
Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has been recently revived, because cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) appears to worsen the multiple organ dysfunction after conventional CABG. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the off-pump CABG in chronic dialysis patients, we compared the perioperative morbidity and mortality between 15 dialysis patients who(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent guidelines from the European Society of Cardiology suggest that surgical ablation should be considered in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who present for concomitant surgically correctable disease. This is a case-matched study of radiofrequency ablation during concomitant cardiac surgery versus lone surgery on patients with(More)
We are reporting the successful surgical treatment of a 23-year-old female with a giant right coronary artery to coronary sinus fistula. This woman had complaints of chest pain and dyspnea on exertion for few months. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed a large tortuous right coronary artery and a dilated coronary sinus. Preoperative multi-detector(More)
Thrombocytopenia and thromboembolism(s) may develop in heparin immune-mediated thrombocytopenia (HIT) patients after reexposure to heparin. At the Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center, 530 out of 17,000 patients requiring heart surgery over an 11-year period underwent preoperative HIT assessment by ELISA and a three-point heparin-induced platelet aggregation(More)
BACKGROUND Although coronary sinus catheter-related injuries (CSCRIs) are rare, they are potentially lethal. The purpose of this study was to evaluate such injuries, the repair methods used, and to identify related risk factors for mortality. METHODS A retrospective review of 10,552 cardiac surgical procedures from 1995 to 2000 in which retrograde(More)