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Coconut, cocoa and arecanut are commercial plantation crops that play a vital role in the Indian economy while sustaining the livelihood of more than 10 million Indians. According to 2012 Food and Agricultural organization's report, India is the third largest producer of coconut and it dominates the production of arecanut worldwide. In this study, three(More)
The diversity of culturable, aerobic and heterotrophic Bacillus and Bacillus-derived genera (BBDG) was investigated in various extreme environments (including thermal springs, cold deserts, mangroves, salt lakes, arid regions, salt pans and acidic soils) of India. Heat treatment followed by enrichment in different media led to a total of 893 bacterial(More)
Information gathered with advanced nucleotide sequencing technologies, small molecule detection systems and computational biology is revealing that a community of microbes and their genes, now termed "the microbiome," located in gut and rhizosphere, is responsible for maintaining the health of human beings and plants, respectively. Within the complete(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative inflammation continues to be a cause of patient discomfort, delayed recovery, and in some cases, suboptimal visual results. Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and steroid are commonly used in the management and prevention of noninfectious ocular inflammation following cataract surgery. AIMS The aim was to study(More)
Mycorrhizal fungi are widespread in agricultural systems and are especially relevant for organic agriculture. A study was conducted to assess diversity in the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi associated with coconut and arecanut intercropping systems of Kasaragod and Thiruvananthapuram districts of Kerala. Mycorrhizal parameters like spore density, root(More)
Two unicellular cyanobacteria Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 and Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 showed contrasting responses to chromate stress with EC50 of 12 ± 2 and 150 ± 15 μM potassium dichromate respectively. There was no depletion of chromate in growth medium in both the cases. Using labeled chromate, very low accumulation (<1 nmol/108 cells) was(More)
Internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization has become the preferred approach for temporary vascular access for hemodialysis. However, complications such as internal carotid artery puncture, vessel erosion, thrombosis, and infection may occur. We report a case of brachial plexus palsy due to compression by right subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm as a result(More)
Degree of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) association and its diversity were investigated in the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L.) cultivated in crop mixed system under rain-fed condition in a highly productive humid tropical zone in Malappuram district of Kerala, India. Forty AM species belonging to ten genera viz. Acaulospora, Claroideoglomus, Dentiscutata,(More)
Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy (PHHI) is rare and an important cause of hypoglycemia in neonates. It can lead to brain damage or death secondary to severe hypoglycemia. We present the anesthetic management in a diagnosed case of PHHI in an 8-day-old male neonate for total pancreatectomy.
"No plant is an island too…" Plants, though sessile, have developed a unique strategy to counter biotic and abiotic stresses by symbiotically co-evolving with microorganisms and tapping into their genome for this purpose. Soil is the bank of microbial diversity from which a plant selectively sources its microbiome to suit its needs. Besides soil, seeds,(More)