Aliza P. Cohen

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Chronic pulmonary aspiration (CPA) in children is an important cause of recurrent pneumonia, progressive lung injury, respiratory disability and death. It is sporadic, intermittent and variable, and often occurs in children with complicated underlying medical conditions and syndromes that produce symptoms indistinguishable from CPA. For most types of(More)
Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in acute cholecystitis is associated with a relatively high rate of conversion to an open procedure as well as a high rate of complications. The aim of this study was to analyze prospectively whether the need to convert and the probability of complications is predictable. Methods: A total of 215 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) is an inherited blistering skin disorder that is associated with significant esophageal strictures, resulting in dysphagia and nutritional failure. Although endoscopically guided balloon dilatation is a widely used treatment, the use of an endoscope carries the risk of oropharyngeal trauma. To(More)
During the first year of life, infants spend most of their time in the sleeping state. Assessment of sleep during infancy presents an opportunity to study the impact of sleep on the maturation of the central nervous system (CNS), overall functioning, and future cognitive, psychomotor, and temperament development. To assess what is currently known regarding(More)
BACKGROUND Although surgery has been the mainstay of treatment of chondrogladiolar pectus carinatum (PC), several authors have advocated the benefits of nonoperative approaches to induce chest wall remodeling. Based on our initial success with compression bracing, we have integrated this modality into our treatment algorithm. METHOD We reviewed the charts(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS The aim of this study was to perform computer simulations of flow within an accurate model of a pediatric airway with subglottic stenosis. It is believed that the airflow characteristics in a stenotic airway are strongly related to the sensation of dyspnea. METHODS Computed tomography images through the respiratory tract of an infant(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to present our experience with complications caused by placement of metallic stents in the pediatric airway. DESIGN AND SETTING We conducted a retrospective study of the medical records of patients with complications resulting from metallic stent placement, managed by the senior authors between 1993 and 2002. RESULTS Nine children(More)
OBJECTIVE Medical and technological advances over the past 2 decades have resulted in improved patient care for children with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). The objective of the present study was to describe changes in the life expectancy of pediatric patients with SMA over time and to compare these findings with previously reported survival patterns. (More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine the diagnostic yield of laboratory testing, radiological imaging, and GJB2 mutation screening in a large cohort of patients with differing severities of idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). DESIGN AND SETTING We undertook a retrospective study of patients presenting with SNHL at our institution from 1993(More)