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Collagen 6-related dystrophies and myopathies (COL6-RD) are a group of disorders that form a wide phenotypic spectrum, ranging from severe Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy, intermediate phenotypes, to the milder Bethlem myopathy. Both inter- and intrafamilial variable expressivity are commonly observed. We present clinical, immunohistochemical, and(More)
Benign hereditary chorea is a rare autosomal dominant disorder presenting with a childhood-onset and slowly progressive chorea. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical and genetic features of 3 patients who developed childhood-onset chorea. Three affected patients from three generations of a family with benign hereditary chorea associated(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, which encodes an epithelial anion channel. Morbidity is mainly due to lung disease, which is characterized by chronic neutrophilic inflammation. Deregulation of inflammatory pathways is observed in the airways of(More)
With the increased number of identified nucleotide sequence variations in genes, the current challenge is to classify them as disease causing or neutral. These variants of unknown clinical significance can alter multiple processes, from gene transcription to RNA splicing or protein function. Using an approach combining several in silico tools, we identified(More)
Approximately 30% of alleles causing genetic disorders generate premature termination codons (PTCs), which are usually associated with severe phenotypes. However, bypassing the deleterious stop codon can lead to a mild disease outcome. Splicing at NAGNAG tandem splice sites has been reported to result in insertion or deletion (indel) of three nucleotides.(More)
The CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) protein is a large polytopic protein whose biogenesis is inefficient. To better understand the regulation of CFTR processing and trafficking, we conducted a genetic screen that identified COMMD1 as a new CFTR partner. COMMD1 is a protein associated with multiple cellular pathways, including the(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia 21 is a slowly progressive and mild ataxia associated with extrapyramidal signs. Affected subjects exhibit a moderate gait and limb ataxia variably associated with akinesia, tremor, rigidity, hyporeflexia, and mild cognitive impairment. The responsible gene has been assigned to a 19 Mbases interval on chromosome 7p in a single French(More)
BACKGROUND The identification by CFTR mRNA studies of a new deep-intronic splicing mutation, c.870-1113_1110delGAAT, in one patient of our series with mild CF symptoms and in three CF patients of an Italian study, led us to evaluate the mutation frequency and phenotype/genotype correlations. METHODS 266 patients with CF and related disorders and having at(More)
BACKGROUND The high frequency of the cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene mutation p.Arg117His in patients with congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) and in newborns screened for CF has created a dilemma. METHODS Phenotypic and genotypic data were retrospectively collected in 179 non-newborn French(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations in one of the 3 genes encoding collagen VI (COLVI) are responsible for a group of heterogeneous phenotypes of which Bethlem myopathy (BM) represents the milder end of the spectrum. Genotype-phenotype correlations and long-term follow-up description in BM remain scarce. METHODS We retrospectively evaluated the long-term clinical(More)