Alistair Calder

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Both prostaglandins and antiprogestagens can induce labour and ripen the cervix, but the mechanisms are unclear. The collagenases that bring about cervical ripening are neutrophil derived. We examined the potential of uterine tissues to control neutrophil attraction by measuring interleukin-8 production. Choriodecidual cells in culture produced substantial(More)
At parturition, breakdown of extracellular matrix in the fetal membranes may play a part in the rupture of the membranes and in the aetiology of premature rupture, in addition to having a regulatory role in the cell-cell interactions and signalling at the feto-maternal interface to stimulate myometrial contractility. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are(More)
A randomised study of 189 deliveries was conducted to compare performance in the conventional dorsal position with that in a birth chair. There was no significant difference in the length of the second stage of labour, the time spent bearing down, or the need for operative delivery. Overall blood-loss was greater among patients delivered in the chair but(More)
Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor is a potent inhibitor of neutrophil function, a mediator of mucosal immunity and an inhibitor of NF|gkB regulated inflammatory responses. However, its source, function and regulation within the uterus during pregnancy and at parturition are not well defined. In amniotic fluid, the concentration of secretory leukocyte(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are important enzymes in tissue remodelling, a key event for the development of the fetal membranes and placenta and establishing the feto-maternal interface during early pregnancy. This study has examined the secretion of the gelatinases, MMP-2 (72 kDa) and MMP-9 (92 kDa), and the endogenous tissue inhibitors of(More)
RATIONALE Sensitive outcome measures applicable in different centres to quantify and track early pulmonary abnormalities in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) are needed both for clinical care and interventional trials. Chest CT has been advocated as such a measure yet there is no validated scoring system in infants. OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study(More)
BACKGROUND We describe molecular diagnosis in a complex consanguineous family: four offspring presented with combinations of three distinctive phenotypes; non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL), an unusual skeletal phenotype comprising multiple fractures, cranial abnormalities and diaphyseal expansion, and significant developmental delay with microcephaly. We(More)
INTRODUCTION Metaphyseal dysplasia (Pyle disease) is a rare autosomal recessive disease with impressive and characteristic radiological findings but relatively mild clinical features. It is usually incidentally diagnosed, despite the impressive radiological findings of gross metaphyseal widening and thinning of cortical bone. CASE REPORT Herein, we report(More)