Alistair Cain

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Two brothers are described with renal tubular acidosis and nerve deafness: the elder also had rickets and hypokalaemia. The parents were unaffected. Studies of urinary acidification and bicarbonate excretion were consistent with a distal tubular abnormality. This report strengthens the view previously proposed in similar cases that nerve deafness and renal(More)
Clinical trials of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are necessary in juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) but pose certain problems highlighted and discussed in this study, including recruitment, the assessment of efficacy, and the heterogeneity of the disease. In a multicentre 8-week double-blind cross-over study using the double-dummy technique,(More)
Twenty-six children suffering from juvenile chronic arthritis were entered into a 6-month open evaluation of naproxen suspension. Sixteen patients completed 6-months' treatment, 6 were lost to follow-up and 4 dropped out, 2 because of side-effects (rash, and burning on swallowing the formulation), 1 for lack of efficacy and 1 because of no further need of(More)
The third case in the UK of primary amoebic meningoencephalitis is reported; it affected an 11-year-old girl. Six days before admission the girl had swum in a pool fed by hot spring water in which the causative agent Naegleria fowleri was found. Early treatment with amphotericin B would seem to offer the only hope of recovery in this almost uniformly fatal(More)
BACKGROUND Transfusion of allogeneic blood influences outcome after surgery. Despite widespread availability of transfusion guidelines, transfusion practices might vary among physicians, departments, hospitals and countries. Our aim was to determine the amount of packed red blood cells (pRBC) and blood products transfused intraoperatively, and to describe(More)
8549 Background: The radiographic detection of the small pulmonary nodule during the initial metastatic workup of the pediatric oncology patient presents a significant clinical dilemma. The outcome of the decision of whether the nodule is malignant or benign often affects decisions regarding treatment, protocol enrollment, and assessment of prognosis. The(More)