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Causes for rarity in plants are poorly understood. Graptophyllum reticulatum is an endangered endemic species, and it has three close relatives with different conservation status: the vulnerable G. ilicifolium, the rare G. excelsum, and the common G. spinigerum. Applied to the chlorophyll a fluorescence transient of leaves, the JIP test provides a(More)
Investigations have been carried out on karyotype change in both callus and suspension cell cultures of Haplopappus gracilis (2n=4). It has been found that polyploidization arises directly in culture to give up to six times the normal diploid chromosome number in some cultures. In polyploid cultures, both chromosome loss and chromosome rearrangements occur(More)
The Atlantic Rainforest in Brazil is currently comprised of small fragments due to the history of conversion and degradation in the last five centuries. The rainforest trees, Ocotea catharinensis, O. odorifera and O. porosa have been heavily harvested because of the high economic value of their timber and essential oils. Their respective habitats have(More)
Australian rainforests have been fragmented due to past climatic changes and more recently landscape change as a result of clearing for agriculture and urban spread. The subtropical rainforests of South Eastern Queensland are significantly more fragmented than the tropical World Heritage listed northern rainforests and are subject to much greater human(More)
The Atlantic rainforest species Ocotea catharinensis, Ocotea odorifera, and Ocotea porosa have been extensively harvested in the past for timber and oil extraction and are currently listed as threatened due to overexploitation. To investigate the genetic diversity and population structure of these species, we developed 8 polymorphic microsatellite markers(More)
Madagascar has a high diversity of endemic palm species and the Masoala Peninsula is a hotspot for their diversity. Several species are critically endangered and their populations known to be in decline due to a combination of land clearance, destructive harvesting for heart of palm and potentially unsustainable commercial seed collection. The critically(More)
Lepidorrhachis mooreana (Arecaceae) is a monotypic palm genus endemic to the remote Lord Howe Island where it is restricted to a small area of cloud forest above 750 m that is likely to be vulnerable to climate change. We investigated genetic diversity and key demographic parameters to assess the palm’s potential long term viability including possible(More)
Species endemic to mountains on oceanic islands are subject to a number of existing threats (in particular, invasive species) along with the impacts of a rapidly changing climate. The Lord Howe Island endemic palm Hedyscepe canterburyana is restricted to two mountains above 300 m altitude. Predation by the introduced Black Rat (Rattus rattus) is known to(More)
Philotheca sporadica (Rutaceae) is a vulnerable species restricted to a small geographic area, with very few populations protected in reserves. Environmental impact surveys identified some populations that will be impacted by gas pipeline construction. This study aimed to determine the genetic diversity of P. sporadica to advise an offset planting program.(More)
Threatened species in rainforests may be vulnerable to climate change, because of their potentially narrow thermal tolerances, small population sizes and restricted distributions. This study modelled climate induced changes on the habitat distribution of the endangered rainforest plant Triunia robusta, endemic to southeast Queensland, Australia. Species(More)