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Treatment with a chimeric mAb to TNF-alpha has been shown to suppress inflammation and improve patient well-being in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the mechanisms of action of such treatment have not been fully explored. Here we show that in vivo administration of anti-TNF-alpha Ab, using a longitudinal analysis, results in the rapid down-regulation of a(More)
The response of cerebral blood volume (CBVR) to a small induced change in arterial carbon dioxide tension was studied by near-infrared spectroscopy in 17 newborn infants born from 26 wk of gestation to term. All 17 infants were undergoing mechanical ventilation but had apparently normal brains. The CBVR per kPa change in arterial carbon dioxide tension(More)
Near infrared spectroscopy was used to investigate the effects of intravenously administered indomethacin (0.1-0.2 mg/kg) on cerebral haemodynamics and oxygen delivery in 13 very preterm infants treated for patent ductus arteriosus. 7 infants received indomethacin by rapid injection (30 s) and 6 by slow infusion (20-30 min). In all the infants cerebral(More)
To determine the effect of i.v. indomethacin on cerebral intracellular oxygenation, as judged by changes in the concentration of oxidized cytochrome oxidase, studies were performed using near-infrared spectroscopy on 15 infants of 23 to 29 wk gestation, aged 8 to 30 d, who required the drug for closure of a patent ductus arteriosus. Indomethacin caused(More)
Anaemia of chronic disease (ACD) is a common feature of active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Inflammatory cytokines, particularly tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 (IL-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of ACD, possibly by inhibiting erythropoietin (EPO) production. In this study, we examined the in(More)
Four patients presented with the nephrotic syndrome. The histological appearances on renal biopsy were in three characteristic and in one suggestive of lupus nephritis. These patients did not initially have other clinical features of SLE, but three had a positive ANA and one a raised DNA titre. Remission occurred in two patients, in one spontaneously and in(More)
BACKGROUND LR2412, a synthetic derivative of jasmonic acid, improved the reconstruction and homeostasis of our organotypic skin models. OBJECTIVES The need for efficient 'anti-ageing' treatments, in particular for the management of photoaged skin, prompted us to investigate this new ingredient for its potential to correct signs of skin ageing in vitro and(More)
AIM To investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) deficiency and hepatic encephalopathy (HE) in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). METHODS A retrospective analysis of the results of 392 adult patients with chronic liver disease who were assessed for liver transplantation between 2006 and 2010 was undertaken. HE, severity of(More)
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