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Multi-atlas segmentation has been widely applied in medical image analysis. This technique relies on image registration to transfer segmentation labels from pre-labeled atlases to a novel target image and applies label fusion to reduce errors produced by registration-based label transfer. To improve the performance of registration-based label transfer(More)
BACKGROUND Real-time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography has the ability to construct quantitative models of the mitral valve (MV). Imaging and modeling algorithms rely on operator interpretation of raw images and may be subject to observer-dependent variability. We describe a comprehensive analysis technique to generate high-resolution 3D MV models and(More)
BACKGROUND A comprehensive three-dimensional echocardiography based approach is applied to preoperative mitral valve (MV) analysis in patients with ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR). This method is used to characterize the heterogeneous nature of the pathologic anatomy associated with IMR. METHODS Intraoperative real-time three-dimensional(More)
In vivo human mitral valves (MV) were imaged using real-time 3D transesophageal echocardiography (rt-3DTEE), and volumetric images of the MV at mid-systole were analyzed by user-initialized segmentation and 3D deformable modeling with continuous medial representation, a compact representation of shape. The resulting MV models were loaded with physiologic(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the use of ultrasound image analysis in quantifying temperature changes in tissue, both ex vivo and in vivo, undergoing local hyperthermia. METHODS Temperature estimation is based on the thermal dependence of the acoustic speed in a heated medium. Because standard beam-forming algorithms on clinical ultrasound scanners(More)
PURPOSE Advances in mitral valve repair and adoption have been partly attributed to improvements in echocardiographic imaging technology. To educate and guide repair surgery further, we have developed a methodology for fast production of physical models of the valve using novel three-dimensional (3D) echocardiographic imaging software in combination with(More)
OBJECTIVE Aortic wall thickness (AWT) is important for anatomic description and biomechanical modeling of aneurysmal disease. However, no validated, noninvasive method for measuring AWT exists. We hypothesized that semiautomated image segmentation algorithms applied to computed tomography angiography (CTA) can accurately measure AWT. METHODS Aortic(More)
PURPOSE Precise 3D modeling of the mitral valve has the potential to improve our understanding of valve morphology, particularly in the setting of mitral regurgitation (MR). Toward this goal, the authors have developed a user-initialized algorithm for reconstructing valve geometry from transesophageal 3D ultrasound (3D US) image data. METHODS(More)
Comprehensive visual and quantitative analysis of in vivo human mitral valve morphology is central to the diagnosis and surgical treatment of mitral valve disease. Real-time 3D transesophageal echocardiography (3D TEE) is a practical, highly informative imaging modality for examining the mitral valve in a clinical setting. To facilitate visual and(More)
This paper describes efforts to estimate the size of gaseous microemboli (GME) in extracorporeal blood circuits based on the amplitude of backscattered ultrasound, starting with analytic modeling of the scattering behavior of GME in blood. After neglecting resonance effects, this model predicts a linear relationship between the amplitude of backscattered(More)