Alison M. Daines

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A number of life’s key biochemical processes, including blood coagulation, bone metabolism and cell growth, are mediated by a family of natural products referred to as the K vitamins [1]. Much work has been carried out in recent times to elucidate the mechanisms by which these compounds elicit their activity, and a number of proteins that are vitamin(More)
Enzymes continue to be used as important catalysts, for the generation of rare and 'unnatural' monosaccharides and for the selective formation of glycosidic linkages. Multi-enzyme systems have been employed in one-pot strategies for multistep reaction sequences and for co-factor regeneration. The efficiency of glycosidases for glycosylation reactions has(More)
Sirtuin enzymes comprise a unique class of NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases. Although structures of many sirtuin complexes have been determined, structural resolution of intermediate chemical steps are needed to understand the deacetylation mechanism. We report crystal structures of the bacterial sirtuin, Sir2Tm, in complex with an S-alkylamidate(More)
The development of the first automated oligosaccharide synthesizer, along with new methods for screening carbohydrate ligand arrays is likely to lead to a rapid acceleration in both our ability to synthesize these molecules, and understand the roles of oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates in biology. Consequently we may uncover new avenues for therapeutic(More)
Apparently homogenous glycoproteins can be synthesised in good yield by a combination of site directed mutagenesis, a highly flexible but selective chemical derivatisation and efficient purification through the use of glycosyl thiosulfonates such as 2-((biotinoyl)-amino)-ethyl methanethiosulfonate.
In an attempt to discover a new synthetic vaccine adjuvant, the glycosylation of hederagenin, gypsogenin, and oleanolic acid acceptors with di- and trisaccharide donors to generate a range of mimics of natural product QS-21 was carried out. The saponins were formulated with phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol, and the structures analyzed by transmission(More)
Immunostimulatory saponin based colloidal antigen delivery systems show promise as adjuvants for subunit vaccines. For this reason, allyl oleanolate was glycosylated at the 3-position using trichloroacetimidate donors to give monodesmodic saponins following deprotection. Bisdesmodic saponins were synthesized by double glycosylation at the 3- and(More)
[reaction: see text]. Glycoproteins are particularly suited to protein semisynthesis since homogeneous samples for biological analyses are not readily available using traditional recombinant techniques. Here we apply glycosyl iodoacetamides, normally used for the modification of bacterially derived proteins, to solid-phase glycopeptide synthesis. This(More)
The melt polymerisations of glucose, galactose, xylose and fucose with citric acid, and mixtures of sugars therein are reported. Characterisation of the citric-acid catalysed reaction products indicated similar degrees of branched polymerisation but differences in the overall molecular weight of the polymers produced. The dairy by-product lactose could not(More)