Alison M. Daines

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Sirtuin enzymes comprise a unique class of NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases. Although structures of many sirtuin complexes have been determined, structural resolution of intermediate chemical steps are needed to understand the deacetylation mechanism. We report crystal structures of the bacterial sirtuin, Sir2Tm, in complex with an S-alkylamidate(More)
Enzymes continue to be used as important catalysts, for the generation of rare and 'unnatural' monosaccharides and for the selective formation of glycosidic linkages. Multi-enzyme systems have been employed in one-pot strategies for multistep reaction sequences and for co-factor regeneration. The efficiency of glycosidases for glycosylation reactions has(More)
Apparently homogenous glycoproteins can be synthesised in good yield by a combination of site directed mutagenesis, a highly flexible but selective chemical derivatisation and efficient purification through the use of glycosyl thiosulfonates such as 2-((biotinoyl)-amino)-ethyl methanethiosulfonate.
In an attempt to discover a new synthetic vaccine adjuvant, the glycosylation of hederagenin, gypsogenin, and oleanolic acid acceptors with di- and trisaccharide donors to generate a range of mimics of natural product QS-21 was carried out. The saponins were formulated with phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol, and the structures analyzed by transmission(More)
Immunostimulatory saponin based colloidal antigen delivery systems show promise as adjuvants for subunit vaccines. For this reason, allyl oleanolate was glycosylated at the 3-position using trichloroacetimidate donors to give monodesmodic saponins following deprotection. Bisdesmodic saponins were synthesized by double glycosylation at the 3- and(More)
Two vitamin K analogues bearing a carboxylic acid side chain (9a and its deuterated analogue 9b) were each synthesised in six steps from commercially available menadione. Analogue 9b was conjugated to lysozyme and bovine serum albumin (BSA) using EDCI/HOBT and by prior formation of its activated succinimidyl ester 11. Quantification of the thus formed(More)
[reaction: see text]. Glycoproteins are particularly suited to protein semisynthesis since homogeneous samples for biological analyses are not readily available using traditional recombinant techniques. Here we apply glycosyl iodoacetamides, normally used for the modification of bacterially derived proteins, to solid-phase glycopeptide synthesis. This(More)
The development of the first automated oligosaccharide synthesizer, along with new methods for screening carbohydrate ligand arrays is likely to lead to a rapid acceleration in both our ability to synthesize these molecules, and understand the roles of oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates in biology. Consequently we may uncover new avenues for therapeutic(More)
The synthesis of two analogues of CoQ (10 and 13) suitable for conjugation to a peptide or protein, and hence the development of an ELISA immunoassay, is presented. These analogues were synthesized from the protected quinone, 1-bromo-2-methyl-3,4,5,6-tetramethoxybenzene (1), itself prepared from commercially available CoQ-0 (3). Model coupling studies of(More)