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INTRODUCTION Alcoholic hepatitis is associated with a high short term mortality. We aimed to identify those factors associated with mortality and define a simple score which would predict outcome in our population. METHODS We identified 241 patients with alcoholic hepatitis. Clinical and laboratory data were recorded on the day of admission (day 1) and on(More)
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a classical autoimmune liver disease for which effective immunomodulatory therapy is lacking. Here we perform meta-analyses of discovery data sets from genome-wide association studies of European subjects (n=2,764 cases and 10,475 controls) followed by validation genotyping in an independent cohort (n=3,716 cases and 4,261(More)
A 20-year-old female with Still's disease who had contracted hepatitis A became critically ill 2 weeks after the onset of jaundice with pancytopenia, coagulopathy, deteriorating liver function tests, and hepatomegaly. The diagnosis of virus-associated haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis was made, and she improved slowly after supportive treatment with(More)
The epidemiology of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection was studied in an English teaching hospital over an 18 month period. A total of 104 HCV antibody positive patients were referred for further investigation. They were divided into those diagnosed through screening (blood donors and intravenous drug abusers) and those diagnosed for other reasons, and their(More)
AIMS AND METHODS Oxidant stress is proposed to be an important pathogenic factor in liver damage related to alcohol. The glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a group of polymorphic enzymes that are important in protection against oxidant stress. As there is evidence for genetic susceptibility to alcohol-related liver disease we have compared the frequency(More)
Susceptibility to primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) may be partly inherited although instances of PBC within families are only infrequently described. The records of 736 patients with PBC seen over a 25 year period were examined to identify those with a positive family history. Ten patients originating from eight families were identified, giving a frequency(More)
Of 1728 patients attending a regional drug and alcohol clinic, 202 were considered at risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Forty-nine per cent (99/202) agreed to testing-67% (67) were HCV antibody positive. Age and a history of needle sharing was the significant factor associated with positive HCV status. Patients on methadone maintenance medication were(More)
We studied hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related disease in older people because the treatment rationale for younger asymptomatic patients is based on the long-term prognosis of infection. Of the HCV-antibody-positive patients seen at Freeman Hospital 1990-1994, 25 were > 65 years old; 24 were Caucasian and one was Afro-Caribbean. Median age at presentation was(More)