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OBJECTIVE To derive correction equations based on nationally representative data, for the error associated with self-reported height and weight and to apply these to recent estimates of overweight and obesity in the Australian adult population. METHODS Linear regression was used to derive correction equations to predict reporting error on height, weight(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Bridging external fixation is used more frequently than non-bridging fixation in the management of unstable distal radius fractures, despite evidence from randomized controlled trials of better outcome with the latter technique. This study was designed to investigate the generalizability of the technique of non-bridging external(More)
Increasingly, there is a need in both research and clinical practice to document and quantify sleep and waking behaviors in a comprehensive manner. The Pittsburgh Sleep Diary (PghSD) is an instrument with separate components to be completed at bedtime and waketime. Bedtime components relate to the events of the day preceding the sleep, waketime(More)
A diary-like instrument to measure lifestyle regularity (the 'Social Rhythm Metric'-SRM) was given to 96 subjects (48 women, 48 men), 39 of whom repeated the study after at least one year, with additional objective measures of rest/activity. Lifestyle regularity as measured by the SRM related to age, morningness, subjective sleep quality and time-of-day(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies have documented the bias in body mass index (BMI) determined from self-reported data on height and weight, but few have examined the change in bias over time. METHODS Using data from large, nationally-representative population health surveys, we examined change in bias in height and weight reporting among Australian adults between(More)
IMPORTANCE Little evidence exists on whether effects of an early obesity intervention are sustainable. OBJECTIVE To assess the sustainability of effects of a home-based early intervention on children's body mass index (BMI) and BMI z score at 3 years after intervention. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A longitudinal follow-up study of the randomized(More)
BACKGROUND Biocompatible solutions may lower peritonitis rates, but are more costly than conventional solutions. The aim of the present study was to assess the additional costs and health outcomes of biocompatible over conventional solutions in incident peritoneal dialysis patients to guide practice decisions. STUDY DESIGN Secondary economic evaluation of(More)
To estimate short- and long-term costs of inpatient hospitalization in Sweden for major diabetes mellitus-related events. Costs were estimated using administrative hospital data from the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, which is linked to the Swedish National Diabetes Register. Data were available for 179 749 patients with diabetes in Sweden(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether index scores based on the EQ-5D, a 5-item generic health status measure, are an independent predictor of vascular events, other major complications and mortality in people with type 2 diabetes and to quantify the relationship between these scores and future survival. SUBJECTS Five-year cohort study involving 7348 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the accuracy of the UK Prospective Diabetes Study Outcomes Model (UKPDS-OM) in predicting clinical outcomes during the UKPDS posttrial monitoring (PTM) period. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS At trial end in 1997, the 4,031 surviving UKPDS patients, of the 5,102 originally enrolled in the study, returned to their usual care providers,(More)