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Journals and Conferences
The function of gene products involved in the biosynthesis of the clinically important polyketide rapamycin were elucidated by biotransformation and gene complementation.
Ivermectin, a mixture of 22,23-dihydroavermectin B1a9 with minor amounts of 22,23-dihydroavermectin B1b 10, is one of the most successful veterinary antiparasitic drugs ever produced. In humans, ivermectin has been used for the treatment of African river blindness (onchocerciasis) resulting in an encouraging decrease in the prevalence of skin and eye… (More)
The 18-membered polyketide macrolide borrelidin exhibits a number of important biological activities, including potent angiogenesis inhibition. This has prompted two recent total syntheses as well as the cloning of the biosynthetic gene cluster from Streptomyces parvulus Tü4055. Borrelidin possesses some unusual structural characteristics, including a… (More)
Novel spinosyns have been prepared by biotransformation, using a genetically engineered strain of Saccharopolyspora erythraea, in which the beta-D-forosamine moiety in glycosidic linkage to the hydroxy group at C17 is replaced by alpha-L-mycarose.
The biosynthetic gene cluster for the angiogenesis inhibitor borrelidin has been cloned from Streptomyces parvulus Tü4055. Sequence analysis indicates that the macrolide ring of borrelidin is formed by a modular polyketide synthase (PKS) (borA1-A6), a result that was confirmed by disruption of borA3. The borrelidin PKS is striking because only seven rather… (More)
This article offers a basic explanation of the process and outcome of negotiating the Treaty of Amsterdam. We pose three questions: What explains the national preferences of the major governments? Given those substantive national preferences, what explains bargaining outcomes among them? Given those substantive bargains, what explains the choice of… (More)