Alison J Darmon

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Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-mediated cytotoxicity represents the body's major defence against virus-infected and tumorigenic cells, and contributes to transplant rejection and autoimmune disease. During killing, CTL granules are exocytosed, releasing their contents into the intercellular space between the target cell and the effector. Perforin facilitates(More)
We have used two different, but complementary assays to characterize functions of SV40 T antigen that are necessary for its ability to immortalize rat embryo fibroblasts. In accordance with previous work, we found that several functions were required. These include activities that map to the p53 binding domain and the amino terminal 176 amino acids which(More)
Cytototoxic T lymphocyte-induced apoptosis can occur either through the directed exocytosis of granzyme B and perforin or via ligation of Fas. Both pathways involve the activation of a family of cysteine proteinases, the caspases, that cleave substrates at aspartic acid and are themselves activated by cleavage at internal aspartate residues. Fas recruits(More)
CTL are important cells in the immune system which are able to recognise and directly destroy virally infected, tumorigenic or foreign cells. The proteins which mediate this destruction are packaged into specialised secretory granules, termed lytic granules, which are secreted in response to target cell recognition. Curiously these specialised secretory(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulation of the widespread environmental toxin cadmium (Cd) in the kidney results initially in proximal tubule dysfunction. Exposure to Cd has been previously shown to induce apoptosis in LLC-PK (Lily Laboratory Culture, Porcine Kidney) cells, which are a model of proximal tubule epithelium. HYPOTHESIS We postulated that modulation of the(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) are able to kill target cells bearing foreign antigen through two distinct mechanisms: granule- and Fas-mediated cytotoxicity. The exact events involved in the induction of target cell apoptosis remain elusive, but research indicates a role for members of the interleukin-1beta converting enzyme (ICE)/Ced-3 family of cysteine(More)
Integrin complexes are necessary for proper proliferation and differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes. Differentiation of these cells is accompanied by down-regulation of integrins and focal adhesions as well as formation of intercellular adherens junctions through E-cadherin homodimerization. A central component of integrin adhesion complexes is(More)
Murine granzyme B (cytotoxic cell proteinase-1 (CCP1)) is a member of a family of seven serine proteases found in cytoplasmic granules of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Evidence has suggested that it is involved in target cell DNA fragmentation during CTL-mediated cytotoxicity, although intracellular substrates for granzyme B have not yet been identified.(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) are able to recognize and destroy target cells bearing foreign antigen using one of two distinct mechanisms: granule- or Fas-mediated cytotoxicity. The exact mechanisms involved in the induction of apoptotic cell death remain elusive; however, it seems likely that a family of cysteine proteases related to interleukin-1beta(More)