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Multiple ecological pathways to extinction in mammals
As human population and resource demands continue to grow, biodiversity conservation has never been more critical. About one-quarter of all mammals are in danger of extinction, and more than half ofExpand
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Two-phase increase in the maximum size of life over 3.5 billion years reflects biological innovation and environmental opportunity
The maximum size of organisms has increased enormously since the initial appearance of life >3.5 billion years ago (Gya), but the pattern and timing of this size increase is poorly known.Expand
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The Evolution of Maximum Body Size of Terrestrial Mammals
How Mammals Grew in Size Mammals diversified greatly after the end-Cretaceous extinction, which eliminated the dominant land animals (dinosaurs). Smith et al. (p. 1216) examined how the maximum sizeExpand
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Drivers and hotspots of extinction risk in marine mammals
The world's oceans are undergoing profound changes as a result of human activities. However, the consequences of escalating human impacts on marine mammal biodiversity remain poorly understood. TheExpand
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Extinction patterns in the avifauna of the Hawaiian islands
Through the continuing accumulation of fossil evidence, it is clear that the avifauna of the Hawaiian Islands underwent a large-scale extinction event around the time of Polynesian arrival. A secondExpand
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Magnitude and variation of prehistoric bird extinctions in the Pacific
The largest extinction event in the Holocene occurred on Pacific islands, where Late Quaternary fossils reveal the loss of thousands of bird populations following human colonization of the region.Expand
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Extinctions and the loss of ecological function in island bird communities
Aim Because of the negative impact that ongoing biodiversity loss may have on ecosystem properties that are critical for humans, understanding the relationship between extinction and functionalExpand
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The maximum rate of mammal evolution
  • A. Evans, D. Jones, +17 authors M. Uhen
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 30 January 2012
How fast can a mammal evolve from the size of a mouse to the size of an elephant? Achieving such a large transformation calls for major biological reorganization. Thus, the speed at which this occursExpand
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The island rule and the evolution of body size in the deep sea
Aim  Our goal is to test the generality of the island rule – a graded trend from gigantism in small-bodied species to dwarfism in large-bodied species – in the deep sea, a non-insular but potentiallyExpand
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Long-term ecological change in a conservation hotspot: the fossil avifauna of Mé Auré Cave, New Caledonia
Through the continuing accumulation of fossil evidence, it is clear that first human arrival on islands around the world was linked to a rise in the extinction rate for vertebrates. Bones inExpand
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