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We have isolated mammalian homologues of the Drosophila dachshund gene. Two domains of high conservation, one of which contains an alpha-helical, coiled-coil motif, show similarity to the Ski family of genes. We therefore propose that Dachshund belongs to a superfamily including these genes. Mouse Dachshund (Dach) is expressed in the eye and limb,(More)
Major malformations of the human eye, including microphthalmia and anophthalmia, are examples of phenotypes that recur in families yet often show no clear Mendelian inheritance pattern. Defining loci by mapping is therefore rarely feasible. Using a candidate-gene approach, we have identified heterozygous coding-region changes in the homeobox gene OTX2 in(More)
Roughly 25% of human B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemias (CLL) are characterized by a chromosomal lesion involving 13q14. This region contains the retinoblastoma gene (RB1). We have used a variety of techniques to determine whether RB1 or some other locus is the critical region in 11 cases of low grade B-cell malignancy (mainly CLL), all with deletions or(More)
The strictly regulated expression of most pleiotropic developmental control genes is critically dependent on the activity of long-range cis-regulatory elements. This was revealed by the identification of individuals with a genetic condition lacking coding-region mutations in the gene commonly associated with the disease but having a variety of nearby(More)
Two new beta-lactams have been isolated from strains of Serratia and Erwinia sp. and identified as (3R,5R)- and (3S,5R)-carbapenam-3-carboxylic acid. These novel carbapenams lack antibacterial activity, are resistant to both beta-lactamases I and II from Bacillus cereus and are not detected by the lactamase induction assay. Radiolabelled and stable isotope(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether 173 patients with microphthalmia, anophthalmia, and coloboma have mutations in the eye-development gene SIX6. METHODS The two exons of the SIX6 gene were amplified by PCR from patients' genomic DNA and directly sequenced to search for mutations. The PCR products of 75 patients were also analyzed by denaturing(More)