Alison G. M. Brown

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We have isolated mammalian homologues of the Drosophila dachshund gene. Two domains of high conservation, one of which contains an alpha-helical, coiled-coil motif, show similarity to the Ski family of genes. We therefore propose that Dachshund belongs to a superfamily including these genes. Mouse Dachshund (Dach) is expressed in the eye and limb,(More)
Seventy-two chemicals were tested for their mutagenic potential in the L5178Y tk+/- mouse lymphoma cell forward mutation assay, using procedures based upon those described by Clive and Spector (Mutat Res 44:269-278, 1975) and Clive et al. (Mutat Res 59:61-108, 1979). Cultures were exposed to the chemicals for 4 hr, then cultured for 2 days before plating in(More)
Major malformations of the human eye, including microphthalmia and anophthalmia, are examples of phenotypes that recur in families yet often show no clear Mendelian inheritance pattern. Defining loci by mapping is therefore rarely feasible. Using a candidate-gene approach, we have identified heterozygous coding-region changes in the homeobox gene OTX2 in(More)
Mutation or deletion of the PAX6 gene underlies many cases of aniridia. Three lines of evidence now converge to implicate PAX6 more widely in anterior segment malformations including Peters' anomaly. First, a child with Peters' anomaly is deleted for one copy of PAX6. Second, affected members of a family with dominantly inherited anterior segment(More)
Eighteen chemicals were tested for their mutagenic potential in the L5178Y tk+/- mouse lymphoma cell forward mutation assay by the use of procedures based upon those described by Clive and Spector [Mutat Res 44:269-278, 1975] and Clive et al [Mutat Res 59:61-108, 1979]. Cultures were exposed to the chemicals for 4 hr, then cultured for 2 days before plating(More)
Forty-one chemicals were tested for their abilities to induce trifluorothymidine resistance in L5178Y mouse lymphoma (MOLY) cells. These chemicals were included in the National Toxicology Program's evaluation of four in vitro short-term toxicity assays for predicting carcinogenicity in the rodent bioassay. Of the 41 chemicals examined for this report, 8(More)
A new protocol for testing vapors and gases in the L5178Y mouse lymphoma assay is presented. Four chemicals, propylene, 1,2-propylene oxide, 1,3-butadiene, and vinylidene chloride, were tested for their mutagenic potential. Cultures were exposed to the chemicals, which were delivered as vapors or gases, for 4 hr, then cultured for 2 days before plating in(More)
Using the L5178Y mouse lymphoma cell thymidine kinase locus and the Salmonella his locus assays, the mutagenic potentials of several catecholamines and related compounds were examined. No supplementary metabolic activation systems were used. In the mouse lymphoma assay, the dihydroxybenzenes catechol and hydroquinone had similar and appreciable mutagenic(More)
Roughly 25% of human B–cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemias (CLL) are characterized by a chromosomal lesion involving 13q14. This region contains the retinoblastoma gene (RB1). We have used a variety of techniques to determine whether RB1 or some other locus is the critical region in 11 cases of low grade B–cell malignancy (mainly CLL), all with deletions or(More)